Tyre Sampson Emoji Combos

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ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ /ˈᶠˡɒʳɪᵈə/ ⁽ˢᵖᵃⁿⁱˢʰ ᶠᵒʳ "ˡᵃⁿᵈ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʷᵉʳˢ"⁾ ⁱˢ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵒᵘᵗʰᵉʳⁿᵐᵒˢᵗ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵒᵘᵗʰᵉᵃˢᵗᵉʳⁿ ʳᵉᵍⁱᵒⁿ ᵒᶠ ᵗʰᵉ ᵁⁿⁱᵗᵉᵈ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉˢ. ᵀʰᵉ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ ⁱˢ ᵇᵒʳᵈᵉʳᵉᵈ ᵗᵒ ᵗʰᵉ ʷᵉˢᵗ ᵇʸ ᵗʰᵉ ᴳᵘˡᶠ ᵒᶠ ᴹᵉˣⁱᶜᵒ ᵃⁿᵈ ᴬˡᵃᵇᵃᵐᵃ, ᵗᵒ ᵗʰᵉ ⁿᵒʳᵗʰ ᵇʸ ᴬˡᵃᵇᵃᵐᵃ ᵃⁿᵈ ᴳᵉᵒʳᵍⁱᵃ, ᵗᵒ ᵗʰᵉ ᵉᵃˢᵗ ᵇʸ ᵗʰᵉ ᴬᵗˡᵃⁿᵗⁱᶜ ᴼᶜᵉᵃⁿ, ᵃⁿᵈ ᵗᵒ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵒᵘᵗʰ ᵇʸ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵗʳᵃⁱᵗˢ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ. ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ⁱˢ ᵗʰᵉ ²²ⁿᵈ⁻ᵐᵒˢᵗ ᵉˣᵗᵉⁿˢⁱᵛᵉ, ᵗʰᵉ ³ʳᵈ⁻ᵐᵒˢᵗ ᵖᵒᵖᵘˡᵒᵘˢ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵗʰᵉ ⁸ᵗʰ⁻ᵐᵒˢᵗ ᵈᵉⁿˢᵉˡʸ ᵖᵒᵖᵘˡᵃᵗᵉᵈ ᵒᶠ ᵗʰᵉ ᵁ.ˢ. ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉˢ. ᴶᵃᶜᵏˢᵒⁿᵛⁱˡˡᵉ ⁱˢ ᵗʰᵉ ᵐᵒˢᵗ ᵖᵒᵖᵘˡᵒᵘˢ ᵐᵘⁿⁱᶜⁱᵖᵃˡⁱᵗʸ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵗʰᵉ ˡᵃʳᵍᵉˢᵗ ᶜⁱᵗʸ ᵇʸ ᵃʳᵉᵃ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵒⁿᵗⁱᵍᵘᵒᵘˢ ᵁⁿⁱᵗᵉᵈ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉˢ ⁽ᵈᵘᵉ ᵗᵒ ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵒⁿˢᵒˡⁱᵈᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᵒᶠ ᴶᵃᶜᵏˢᵒⁿᵛⁱˡˡᵉ ʷⁱᵗʰ ᴰᵘᵛᵃˡ ᶜᵒᵘⁿᵗʸ⁾. ᵀʰᵉ ᴹⁱᵃᵐⁱ ᵐᵉᵗʳᵒᵖᵒˡⁱᵗᵃⁿ ᵃʳᵉᵃ ⁱˢ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ'ˢ ᵐᵒˢᵗ ᵖᵒᵖᵘˡᵒᵘˢ ᵘʳᵇᵃⁿ ᵃʳᵉᵃ. ᵀᵃˡˡᵃʰᵃˢˢᵉᵉ ⁱˢ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ'ˢ ᶜᵃᵖⁱᵗᵃˡ. ᴬᵇᵒᵘᵗ ᵗʷᵒ⁻ᵗʰⁱʳᵈˢ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ᵒᶜᶜᵘᵖⁱᵉˢ ᵃ ᵖᵉⁿⁱⁿˢᵘˡᵃ ᵇᵉᵗʷᵉᵉⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᴳᵘˡᶠ ᵒᶠ ᴹᵉˣⁱᶜᵒ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵗʰᵉ ᴬᵗˡᵃⁿᵗⁱᶜ ᴼᶜᵉᵃⁿ. ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ʰᵃˢ ᵗʰᵉ ˡᵒⁿᵍᵉˢᵗ ᶜᵒᵃˢᵗˡⁱⁿᵉ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵒⁿᵗⁱᵍᵘᵒᵘˢ ᵁⁿⁱᵗᵉᵈ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉˢ, ᵃᵖᵖʳᵒˣⁱᵐᵃᵗᵉˡʸ ¹,³⁵⁰ ᵐⁱˡᵉˢ ⁽²,¹⁷⁰ ᵏᵐ⁾, ⁿᵒᵗ ⁱⁿᶜˡᵘᵈⁱⁿᵍ ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵒⁿᵗʳⁱᵇᵘᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᵒᶠ ᵗʰᵉ ᵐᵃⁿʸ ᵇᵃʳʳⁱᵉʳ ⁱˢˡᵃⁿᵈˢ. ᴵᵗ ⁱˢ ᵗʰᵉ ᵒⁿˡʸ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ ᵗʰᵃᵗ ᵇᵒʳᵈᵉʳˢ ᵇᵒᵗʰ ᵗʰᵉ ᴳᵘˡᶠ ᵒᶠ ᴹᵉˣⁱᶜᵒ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵗʰᵉ ᴬᵗˡᵃⁿᵗⁱᶜ ᴼᶜᵉᵃⁿ. ᴹᵘᶜʰ ᵒᶠ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ ⁱˢ ᵃᵗ ᵒʳ ⁿᵉᵃʳ ˢᵉᵃ ˡᵉᵛᵉˡ ᵃⁿᵈ ⁱˢ ᶜʰᵃʳᵃᶜᵗᵉʳⁱᶻᵉᵈ ᵇʸ ˢᵉᵈⁱᵐᵉⁿᵗᵃʳʸ ˢᵒⁱˡ. ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ʰᵃˢ ᵗʰᵉ ˡᵒʷᵉˢᵗ ʰⁱᵍʰ ᵖᵒⁱⁿᵗ ᵒᶠ ᵃⁿʸ ᵁ.ˢ. ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ. ᵀʰᵉ ᶜˡⁱᵐᵃᵗᵉ ᵛᵃʳⁱᵉˢ ᶠʳᵒᵐ ˢᵘᵇᵗʳᵒᵖⁱᶜᵃˡ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ⁿᵒʳᵗʰ ᵗᵒ ᵗʳᵒᵖⁱᶜᵃˡ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵒᵘᵗʰ. ᵀʰᵉ ᴬᵐᵉʳⁱᶜᵃⁿ ᵃˡˡⁱᵍᵃᵗᵒʳ, ᴬᵐᵉʳⁱᶜᵃⁿ ᶜʳᵒᶜᵒᵈⁱˡᵉ, ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ᵖᵃⁿᵗʰᵉʳ, ᵃⁿᵈ ᵐᵃⁿᵃᵗᵉᵉ ᶜᵃⁿ ᵇᵉ ᶠᵒᵘⁿᵈ ⁱⁿ ᴱᵛᵉʳᵍˡᵃᵈᵉˢ ᴺᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿᵃˡ ᴾᵃʳᵏ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵒᵘᵗʰᵉʳⁿ ᵖᵃʳᵗ ᵒᶠ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ. ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ⁱˢ ᵒⁿᵉ ᵒᶠ ᵒⁿˡʸ ᵗʷᵒ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉˢ ᵗʰᵃᵗ ʰᵃˢ ᵃ ᵗʳᵒᵖⁱᶜᵃˡ ᶜˡⁱᵐᵃᵗᵉ, ᵗʰᵉ ᵒᵗʰᵉʳ ᵒⁿᵉ ⁱˢ ᴴᵃʷᵃⁱⁱ ᵃⁿᵈ ⁱˢ ᵗʰᵉ ᵒⁿˡʸ ᶜᵒⁿᵗⁱⁿᵉⁿᵗᵃˡ ᵁ.ˢ. ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ ʷⁱᵗʰ ᵃ ᵗʳᵒᵖⁱᶜᵃˡ ᶜˡⁱᵐᵃᵗᵉ. ˢⁱⁿᶜᵉ ᵗʰᵉ ᶠⁱʳˢᵗ ᴱᵘʳᵒᵖᵉᵃⁿ ᶜᵒⁿᵗᵃᶜᵗ ʷᵃˢ ᵐᵃᵈᵉ ⁱⁿ ¹⁵¹³ ᵇʸ ˢᵖᵃⁿⁱˢʰ ᵉˣᵖˡᵒʳᵉʳ ᴶᵘᵃⁿ ᴾᵒⁿᶜᵉ ᵈᵉ ᴸᵉóⁿ – ʷʰᵒ ⁿᵃᵐᵉᵈ ⁱᵗ ᴸᵃ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ⁽[ˡᵃ ᶠˡᵒˈɾⁱðᵃ] "ˡᵃⁿᵈ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʷᵉʳˢ"⁾ ᵘᵖᵒⁿ ˡᵃⁿᵈⁱⁿᵍ ᵗʰᵉʳᵉ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᴱᵃˢᵗᵉʳ ˢᵉᵃˢᵒⁿ, ᴾᵃˢᶜᵘᵃ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ – ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ʷᵃˢ ᵃ ᶜʰᵃˡˡᵉⁿᵍᵉ ᶠᵒʳ ᵗʰᵉ ᴱᵘʳᵒᵖᵉᵃⁿ ᶜᵒˡᵒⁿⁱᵃˡ ᵖᵒʷᵉʳˢ ᵇᵉᶠᵒʳᵉ ⁱᵗ ᵍᵃⁱⁿᵉᵈ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉʰᵒᵒᵈ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᵁⁿⁱᵗᵉᵈ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉˢ ⁱⁿ ¹⁸⁴⁵. ᴵᵗ ʷᵃˢ ᵃ ᵖʳⁱⁿᶜⁱᵖᵃˡ ˡᵒᶜᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᵒᶠ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵉᵐⁱⁿᵒˡᵉ ᵂᵃʳˢ ᵃᵍᵃⁱⁿˢᵗ ᵗʰᵉ ᴺᵃᵗⁱᵛᵉ ᴬᵐᵉʳⁱᶜᵃⁿˢ, ᵃⁿᵈ ʳᵃᶜⁱᵃˡ ˢᵉᵍʳᵉᵍᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᵃᶠᵗᵉʳ ᵗʰᵉ ᴬᵐᵉʳⁱᶜᵃⁿ ᶜⁱᵛⁱˡ ᵂᵃʳ. ᵀᵒᵈᵃʸ, ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ⁱˢ ᵈⁱˢᵗⁱⁿᶜᵗⁱᵛᵉ ᶠᵒʳ ⁱᵗˢ ˡᵃʳᵍᵉ ᶜᵘᵇᵃⁿ ᵉˣᵖᵃᵗʳⁱᵃᵗᵉ ᶜᵒᵐᵐᵘⁿⁱᵗʸ ᵃⁿᵈ ʰⁱᵍʰ ᵖᵒᵖᵘˡᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᵍʳᵒʷᵗʰ, ᵃˢ ʷᵉˡˡ ᵃˢ ᶠᵒʳ ⁱᵗˢ ⁱⁿᶜʳᵉᵃˢⁱⁿᵍ ᵉⁿᵛⁱʳᵒⁿᵐᵉⁿᵗᵃˡ ⁱˢˢᵘᵉˢ. ᵀʰᵉ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉ'ˢ ᵉᶜᵒⁿᵒᵐʸ ʳᵉˡⁱᵉˢ ᵐᵃⁱⁿˡʸ ᵒⁿ ᵗᵒᵘʳⁱˢᵐ, ᵃᵍʳⁱᶜᵘˡᵗᵘʳᵉ, ᵃⁿᵈ ᵗʳᵃⁿˢᵖᵒʳᵗᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿ, ʷʰⁱᶜʰ ᵈᵉᵛᵉˡᵒᵖᵉᵈ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ˡᵃᵗᵉ ¹⁹ᵗʰ ᶜᵉⁿᵗᵘʳʸ. ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ⁱˢ ᵃˡˢᵒ ʳᵉⁿᵒʷⁿᵉᵈ ᶠᵒʳ ᵃᵐᵘˢᵉᵐᵉⁿᵗ ᵖᵃʳᵏˢ, ᵒʳᵃⁿᵍᵉ ᶜʳᵒᵖˢ, ᵗʰᵉ ᴷᵉⁿⁿᵉᵈʸ ˢᵖᵃᶜᵉ ᶜᵉⁿᵗᵉʳ, ᵃⁿᵈ ᵃˢ ᵃ ᵖᵒᵖᵘˡᵃʳ ᵈᵉˢᵗⁱⁿᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᶠᵒʳ ʳᵉᵗⁱʳᵉᵉˢ. ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ᶜᵘˡᵗᵘʳᵉ ⁱˢ ᵃ ʳᵉᶠˡᵉᶜᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᵒᶠ ⁱⁿᶠˡᵘᵉⁿᶜᵉˢ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵐᵘˡᵗⁱᵖˡᵉ ⁱⁿʰᵉʳⁱᵗᵃⁿᶜᵉ; ᴬᶠʳⁱᶜᵃⁿ, ᴱᵘʳᵒᵖᵉᵃⁿ, ⁱⁿᵈⁱᵍᵉⁿᵒᵘˢ, ᵃⁿᵈ ᴸᵃᵗⁱⁿᵒ ʰᵉʳⁱᵗᵃᵍᵉˢ ᶜᵃⁿ ᵇᵉ ᶠᵒᵘⁿᵈ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᵃʳᶜʰⁱᵗᵉᶜᵗᵘʳᵉ ᵃⁿᵈ ᶜᵘⁱˢⁱⁿᵉ. ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ʰᵃˢ ᵃᵗᵗʳᵃᶜᵗᵉᵈ ᵐᵃⁿʸ ʷʳⁱᵗᵉʳˢ ˢᵘᶜʰ ᵃˢ ᴹᵃʳʲᵒʳⁱᵉ ᴷⁱⁿⁿᵃⁿ ᴿᵃʷˡⁱⁿᵍˢ, ᴱʳⁿᵉˢᵗ ᴴᵉᵐⁱⁿᵍʷᵃʸ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵀᵉⁿⁿᵉˢˢᵉᵉ ᵂⁱˡˡⁱᵃᵐˢ, ᵃⁿᵈ ᶜᵒⁿᵗⁱⁿᵘᵉˢ ᵗᵒ ᵃᵗᵗʳᵃᶜᵗ ᶜᵉˡᵉᵇʳⁱᵗⁱᵉˢ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵃᵗʰˡᵉᵗᵉˢ. ᴵᵗ ⁱˢ ⁱⁿᵗᵉʳⁿᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿᵃˡˡʸ ᵏⁿᵒʷⁿ ᶠᵒʳ ᵍᵒˡᶠ, ᵗᵉⁿⁿⁱˢ, ᵃᵘᵗᵒ ʳᵃᶜⁱⁿᵍ ᵃⁿᵈ ʷᵃᵗᵉʳ ˢᵖᵒʳᵗˢ.
𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕨𝕒𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕗𝕚𝕣𝕤𝕥 𝕣𝕖𝕘𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕝 𝕌𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕊𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕤 𝕥𝕠 𝕓𝕖 𝕧𝕚𝕤𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕤𝕖𝕥𝕥𝕝𝕖𝕕 𝕓𝕪 𝔼𝕦𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕖𝕒𝕟𝕤. 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝕖𝕒𝕣𝕝𝕚𝕖𝕤𝕥 𝕜𝕟𝕠𝕨𝕟 𝔼𝕦𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕖𝕒𝕟 𝕖𝕩𝕡𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕖𝕣𝕤 𝕔𝕒𝕞𝕖 𝕨𝕚𝕥𝕙 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕊𝕡𝕒𝕟𝕚𝕤𝕙 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕢𝕦𝕚𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕕𝕠𝕣 𝕁𝕦𝕒𝕟 ℙ𝕠𝕟𝕔𝕖 𝕕𝕖 𝕃𝕖ó𝕟. ℙ𝕠𝕟𝕔𝕖 𝕕𝕖 𝕃𝕖ó𝕟 𝕤𝕡𝕠𝕥𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕𝕖𝕕 𝕠𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕡𝕖𝕟𝕚𝕟𝕤𝕦𝕝𝕒 𝕠𝕟 𝔸𝕡𝕣𝕚𝕝 𝟚, 𝟙𝟝𝟙𝟛. ℍ𝕖 𝕟𝕒𝕞𝕖𝕕 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕣𝕖𝕘𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕃𝕒 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 ("𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕠𝕗 𝕗𝕝𝕠𝕨𝕖𝕣𝕤") 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕥𝕠𝕣𝕪 𝕥𝕙𝕒𝕥 𝕙𝕖 𝕨𝕒𝕤 𝕤𝕖𝕒𝕣𝕔𝕙𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔽𝕠𝕦𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕚𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝕐𝕠𝕦𝕥𝕙 𝕚𝕤 𝕞𝕪𝕥𝕙𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕝 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕠𝕟𝕝𝕪 𝕒𝕡𝕡𝕖𝕒𝕣𝕖𝕕 𝕝𝕠𝕟𝕘 𝕒𝕗𝕥𝕖𝕣 𝕙𝕚𝕤 𝕕𝕖𝕒𝕥𝕙. 𝕀𝕟 𝕄𝕒𝕪 𝟙𝟝𝟛𝟡, ℂ𝕠𝕟𝕢𝕦𝕚𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕕𝕠𝕣 ℍ𝕖𝕣𝕟𝕒𝕟𝕕𝕠 𝕕𝕖 𝕊𝕠𝕥𝕠 𝕤𝕜𝕚𝕣𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕒𝕤𝕥 𝕠𝕗 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒, 𝕤𝕖𝕒𝕣𝕔𝕙𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕒 𝕕𝕖𝕖𝕡 𝕙𝕒𝕣𝕓𝕠𝕣 𝕥𝕠 𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕. ℍ𝕖 𝕕𝕖𝕤𝕔𝕣𝕚𝕓𝕖𝕕 𝕤𝕖𝕖𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕒 𝕥𝕙𝕚𝕔𝕜 𝕨𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝕠𝕗 𝕣𝕖𝕕 𝕞𝕒𝕟𝕘𝕣𝕠𝕧𝕖𝕤 𝕤𝕡𝕣𝕖𝕒𝕕 𝕞𝕚𝕝𝕖 𝕒𝕗𝕥𝕖𝕣 𝕞𝕚𝕝𝕖, 𝕤𝕠𝕞𝕖 𝕣𝕖𝕒𝕔𝕙𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕒𝕤 𝕙𝕚𝕘𝕙 𝕒𝕤 𝟟𝟘 𝕗𝕖𝕖𝕥 (𝟚𝟙 𝕞), 𝕨𝕚𝕥𝕙 𝕚𝕟𝕥𝕖𝕣𝕥𝕨𝕚𝕟𝕖𝕕 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕖𝕝𝕖𝕧𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕣𝕠𝕠𝕥𝕤 𝕞𝕒𝕜𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕕𝕚𝕗𝕗𝕚𝕔𝕦𝕝𝕥. 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝕊𝕡𝕒𝕟𝕚𝕤𝕙 𝕚𝕟𝕥𝕣𝕠𝕕𝕦𝕔𝕖𝕕 ℂ𝕙𝕣𝕚𝕤𝕥𝕚𝕒𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕪, 𝕔𝕒𝕥𝕥𝕝𝕖, 𝕙𝕠𝕣𝕤𝕖𝕤, 𝕤𝕙𝕖𝕖𝕡, 𝕥𝕙𝕖 ℂ𝕒𝕤𝕥𝕚𝕝𝕚𝕒𝕟 𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕘𝕦𝕒𝕘𝕖, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕞𝕠𝕣𝕖 𝕥𝕠 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒. 𝕊𝕡𝕒𝕚𝕟 𝕖𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕓𝕝𝕚𝕤𝕙𝕖𝕕 𝕤𝕖𝕧𝕖𝕣𝕒𝕝 𝕤𝕖𝕥𝕥𝕝𝕖𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕤 𝕚𝕟 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒, 𝕨𝕚𝕥𝕙 𝕧𝕒𝕣𝕪𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕕𝕖𝕘𝕣𝕖𝕖𝕤 𝕠𝕗 𝕤𝕦𝕔𝕔𝕖𝕤𝕤. 𝕀𝕟 𝟙𝟝𝟝𝟡, 𝔻𝕠𝕟 𝕋𝕣𝕚𝕤𝕥á𝕟 𝕕𝕖 𝕃𝕦𝕟𝕒 𝕪 𝔸𝕣𝕖𝕝𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕠 𝕖𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕓𝕝𝕚𝕤𝕙𝕖𝕕 𝕒 𝕤𝕖𝕥𝕥𝕝𝕖𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥 𝕒𝕥 𝕡𝕣𝕖𝕤𝕖𝕟𝕥-𝕕𝕒𝕪 ℙ𝕖𝕟𝕤𝕒𝕔𝕠𝕝𝕒, 𝕞𝕒𝕜𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕚𝕥 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕗𝕚𝕣𝕤𝕥 𝕒𝕥𝕥𝕖𝕞𝕡𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕤𝕖𝕥𝕥𝕝𝕖𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥 𝕚𝕟 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒, 𝕓𝕦𝕥 𝕚𝕥 𝕨𝕒𝕤 𝕞𝕠𝕤𝕥𝕝𝕪 𝕒𝕓𝕒𝕟𝕕𝕠𝕟𝕖𝕕 𝕓𝕪 𝟙𝟝𝟞𝟙. 𝕀𝕟 𝟙𝟝𝟞𝟝, 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕖𝕥𝕥𝕝𝕖𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥 𝕠𝕗 𝕊𝕥. 𝔸𝕦𝕘𝕦𝕤𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕖 (𝕊𝕒𝕟 𝔸𝕘𝕦𝕤𝕥í𝕟) 𝕨𝕒𝕤 𝕖𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕓𝕝𝕚𝕤𝕙𝕖𝕕 𝕦𝕟𝕕𝕖𝕣 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕝𝕖𝕒𝕕𝕖𝕣𝕤𝕙𝕚𝕡 𝕠𝕗 𝕒𝕕𝕞𝕚𝕣𝕒𝕝 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕘𝕠𝕧𝕖𝕣𝕟𝕠𝕣 ℙ𝕖𝕕𝕣𝕠 𝕄𝕖𝕟é𝕟𝕕𝕖𝕫 𝕕𝕖 𝔸𝕧𝕚𝕝é𝕤, 𝕔𝕣𝕖𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕨𝕙𝕒𝕥 𝕨𝕠𝕦𝕝𝕕 𝕓𝕖𝕔𝕠𝕞𝕖 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕠𝕝𝕕𝕖𝕤𝕥 𝔼𝕦𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕖𝕒𝕟 𝕤𝕖𝕥𝕥𝕝𝕖𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕝 𝕌.𝕊. 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕖𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕓𝕝𝕚𝕤𝕙𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕗𝕚𝕣𝕤𝕥 𝕘𝕖𝕟𝕖𝕣𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒𝕟𝕠𝕤 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕘𝕠𝕧𝕖𝕣𝕟𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥 𝕠𝕗 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕊𝕡𝕒𝕚𝕟 𝕞𝕒𝕚𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕚𝕟𝕖𝕕 𝕥𝕖𝕟𝕦𝕠𝕦𝕤 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕣𝕠𝕝 𝕠𝕧𝕖𝕣 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕣𝕖𝕘𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕓𝕪 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕧𝕖𝕣𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕝𝕠𝕔𝕒𝕝 𝕥𝕣𝕚𝕓𝕖𝕤 𝕥𝕠 ℂ𝕙𝕣𝕚𝕤𝕥𝕚𝕒𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕪.

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Florida /ˈflɒrɪdə/ (About this sound listen) (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost state in the southeastern region of the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico and Alabama, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous,and the 8th-most densely populated of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States (due to the consolidation of Jacksonville with Duval County). The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level and is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U.S. state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south.The American alligator, American crocodile, Florida panther, and manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, the other one is Hawaii and is the only continental U.S. State with a tropical climate.Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León – who named it La Florida ([la floˈɾiða] "land of flowers") upon landing there in the Easter season, Pascua Florida– Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees.Florida culture is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; African, European, indigenous, and Latino heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing and water sports.
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˙sʇɹods ɹǝʇɐʍ puɐ ɓuıɔɐɹ oʇnɐ 'sıuuǝʇ 'ɟloɓ ɹoɟ uʍouʞ ʎllɐuoıʇɐuɹǝʇuı sı ʇI ˙sǝʇǝlɥʇɐ puɐ sǝıʇıɹqǝlǝɔ ʇɔɐɹʇʇɐ oʇ sǝnuıʇuoɔ puɐ 'sɯɐıllıM ǝǝssǝuuǝ⊥ puɐ ʎɐʍɓuıɯǝH ʇsǝuɹƎ 'sɓuılʍɐᴚ uɐuuı⋊ ǝıɹoɾɹɐW sɐ ɥɔns sɹǝʇıɹʍ ʎuɐɯ pǝʇɔɐɹʇʇɐ sɐɥ ɐpıɹolℲ ˙ǝuısınɔ puɐ ǝɹnʇɔǝʇıɥɔɹɐ ǝɥʇ uı punoɟ ǝq uɐɔ sǝɓɐʇıɹǝɥ ouıʇɐ˥ puɐ 'snouǝɓıpuı 'uɐǝdoɹnƎ 'uɐɔıɹɟ∀ ؛ǝɔuɐʇıɹǝɥuı ǝldıʇlnɯ puɐ sǝɔuǝnlɟuı ɟo uoıʇɔǝlɟǝɹ ɐ sı ǝɹnʇlnɔ ɐpıɹolℲ ˙sǝǝɹıʇǝɹ ɹoɟ uoıʇɐuıʇsǝp ɹɐlndod ɐ sɐ puɐ 'ɹǝʇuǝƆ ǝɔɐdS ʎpǝuuǝ⋊ ǝɥʇ 'sdoɹɔ ǝɓuɐɹo 'sʞɹɐd ʇuǝɯǝsnɯɐ ɹoɟ pǝuʍouǝɹ oslɐ sı ɐpıɹolℲ ˙ʎɹnʇuǝɔ ɥʇ6⇂ ǝʇɐl ǝɥʇ uı pǝdolǝʌǝp ɥɔıɥʍ 'uoıʇɐʇɹodsuɐɹʇ puɐ 'ǝɹnʇlnɔıɹɓɐ 'ɯsıɹnoʇ uo ʎluıɐɯ sǝılǝɹ ʎɯouoɔǝ s,ǝʇɐʇs ǝɥ⊥ ˙sǝnssı lɐʇuǝɯuoɹıʌuǝ ɓuısɐǝɹɔuı sʇı ɹoɟ sɐ llǝʍ sɐ 'ɥʇʍoɹɓ uoıʇɐlndod ɥɓıɥ puɐ ʎʇıunɯɯoɔ ǝʇɐıɹʇɐdxǝ uɐqnƆ ǝɓɹɐl sʇı ɹoɟ ǝʌıʇɔuıʇsıp sı ɐpıɹolℲ 'ʎɐpo⊥ ˙ɹɐM lıʌıƆ uɐɔıɹǝɯ∀ ǝɥʇ ɹǝʇɟɐ uoıʇɐɓǝɹɓǝs lɐıɔɐɹ puɐ 'suɐɔıɹǝɯ∀ ǝʌıʇɐN ǝɥʇ ʇsuıɐɓɐ sɹɐM ǝlouıɯǝS ǝɥʇ ɟo uoıʇɐɔol lɐdıɔuıɹd ɐ sɐʍ ʇI ˙ގㄣ8⇂ uı sǝʇɐʇS pǝʇıu∩ ǝɥʇ uı pooɥǝʇɐʇs pǝuıɐɓ ʇı ǝɹoɟǝq sɹǝʍod lɐıuoloɔ uɐǝdoɹnƎ ǝɥʇ ɹoɟ ǝɓuǝllɐɥɔ ɐ sɐʍ ɐpıɹolℲ – [⇂⇂]ɐpıɹolℲ ɐnɔsɐԀ 'uosɐǝs ɹǝʇsɐƎ ǝɥʇ uı ǝɹǝɥʇ ɓuıpuɐl uodn („sɹǝʍolɟ ɟo puɐl„ [ɐðıjˈolɟ ɐl]) ɐpıɹolℲ ɐ˥ ʇı pǝɯɐu oɥʍ – uo̗ǝ˥ ǝp ǝɔuoԀ uɐnſ ɹǝɹoldxǝ ɥsıuɐdS ʎq Ɛ⇂ގ⇂ uı ǝpɐɯ sɐʍ ʇɔɐʇuoɔ uɐǝdoɹnƎ ʇsɹıɟ ǝɥʇ ǝɔuıS ˙ǝʇɐɯılɔ lɐɔıdoɹʇ ɐ ɥʇıʍ ǝʇɐʇS ˙S˙∩ lɐʇuǝuıʇuoɔ ʎluo ǝɥʇ sı puɐ ııɐʍɐH sı ǝuo ɹǝɥʇo ǝɥʇ 'ǝʇɐɯılɔ lɐɔıdoɹʇ ɐ sɐɥ ʇɐɥʇ sǝʇɐʇs oʍʇ ʎluo ɟo ǝuo sı ɐpıɹolℲ ˙ǝʇɐʇs ǝɥʇ ɟo ʇɹɐd uɹǝɥʇnos ǝɥʇ uı ʞɹɐԀ lɐuoıʇɐN sǝpɐlɓɹǝʌƎ uı punoɟ ǝq uɐɔ ǝǝʇɐuɐɯ puɐ 'ɹǝɥʇuɐd ɐpıɹolℲ 'ǝlıpoɔoɹɔ uɐɔıɹǝɯ∀ 'ɹoʇɐɓıllɐ uɐɔıɹǝɯ∀ ǝɥ⊥ [0⇂]˙ɥʇnos ǝɥʇ uı lɐɔıdoɹʇ oʇ ɥʇɹou ǝɥʇ uı lɐɔıdoɹʇqns ɯoɹɟ sǝıɹɐʌ ǝʇɐɯılɔ ǝɥ⊥ ˙ǝʇɐʇs ˙S˙∩ ʎuɐ ɟo ʇuıod ɥɓıɥ ʇsǝʍol ǝɥʇ sɐɥ ɐpıɹolℲ ˙lıos ʎɹɐʇuǝɯıpǝs ʎq pǝzıɹǝʇɔɐɹɐɥɔ sı puɐ lǝʌǝl ɐǝs ɹɐǝu ɹo ʇɐ sı ǝʇɐʇs ǝɥʇ ɟo ɥɔnW ˙uɐǝɔO ɔıʇuɐlʇ∀ ǝɥʇ puɐ oɔıxǝW ɟo ɟln⅁ ǝɥʇ ɥʇoq sɹǝpɹoq ʇɐɥʇ ǝʇɐʇs ʎluo ǝɥʇ sı ʇI ˙spuɐlsı ɹǝıɹɹɐq ʎuɐɯ ǝɥʇ ɟo uoıʇnqıɹʇuoɔ ǝɥʇ ɓuıpnlɔuı ʇou '(ɯʞ 0ㄥ⇂'ᄅ) sǝlıɯ 0ގƐ'⇂ ʎlǝʇɐɯıxoɹddɐ 'sǝʇɐʇS pǝʇıu∩ snonɓıʇuoɔ ǝɥʇ uı ǝuılʇsɐoɔ ʇsǝɓuol ǝɥʇ sɐɥ ɐpıɹolℲ ˙uɐǝɔO ɔıʇuɐlʇ∀ ǝɥʇ puɐ oɔıxǝW ɟo ɟln⅁ ǝɥʇ uǝǝʍʇǝq ɐlnsuıuǝd ɐ sǝıdnɔɔo ɐpıɹolℲ ɟo spɹıɥʇ-oʍʇ ʇnoq∀ ˙lɐʇıdɐɔ s,ǝʇɐʇs ǝɥʇ sı ǝǝssɐɥɐllɐ⊥ ˙ɐǝɹɐ uɐqɹn snolndod ʇsoɯ s,ɐpıɹolℲ sı ɐǝɹɐ uɐʇılodoɹʇǝɯ ıɯɐıW ǝɥ⊥ ˙(ʎʇunoƆ lɐʌnᗡ ɥʇıʍ ǝllıʌuosʞɔɐſ ɟo uoıʇɐpılosuoɔ ǝɥʇ oʇ ǝnp) sǝʇɐʇS pǝʇıu∩ snonɓıʇuoɔ ǝɥʇ uı ɐǝɹɐ ʎq ʎʇıɔ ʇsǝɓɹɐl ǝɥʇ puɐ ǝʇɐʇs ǝɥʇ uı ʎʇılɐdıɔıunɯ snolndod ʇsoɯ ǝɥʇ sı ǝllıʌuosʞɔɐſ ˙sǝʇɐʇs ˙S˙∩ ǝɥʇ ɟo pǝʇɐlndod ʎlǝsuǝp ʇsoɯ-ɥʇ8 ǝɥʇ puɐ [6]'snolndod ʇsoɯ-pɹƐ ǝɥʇ 'ǝʌısuǝʇxǝ ʇsoɯ-puᄅᄅ ǝɥʇ sı ɐpıɹolℲ ˙ɐpıɹolℲ ɟo sʇıɐɹʇS ǝɥʇ ʎq ɥʇnos ǝɥʇ oʇ puɐ 'uɐǝɔO ɔıʇuɐlʇ∀ ǝɥʇ ʎq ʇsɐǝ ǝɥʇ oʇ 'ɐıɓɹoǝ⅁ puɐ ɐɯɐqɐl∀ ʎq ɥʇɹou ǝɥʇ oʇ 'ɐɯɐqɐl∀ puɐ oɔıxǝW ɟo ɟln⅁ ǝɥʇ ʎq ʇsǝʍ ǝɥʇ oʇ pǝɹǝpɹoq sı ǝʇɐʇs ǝɥ⊥ ˙sǝʇɐʇS pǝʇıu∩ ǝɥʇ ɟo uoıɓǝɹ uɹǝʇsɐǝɥʇnos ǝɥʇ uı ǝʇɐʇs ʇsoɯuɹǝɥʇnos ǝɥʇ sı („sɹǝʍolɟ ɟo puɐl„ ɹoɟ ɥsıuɐdS) (uǝʇsıl punos sıɥʇ ʇnoq∀) /əpɪɹɒlɟˈ/ ɐpıɹolℲ
ᴶᵃⁿᵘᵃʳʸ ¹⁸⁵⁴ ᵂⁱˡˡⁱᵃᵐ ˢⁿʸᵈᵉʳ ᵈⁱᵉᵈ ʷʰᵉⁿ ᵃ ᶜˡᵒʷᶰ ˢᵖᵘⁿ ʰⁱᵐ ᵃʳᵒᵘᶰᵈ ᵇʸ ᵗʰᵉ ʰᵉᵉˡˢ ᵃʳᵒᵘᶰᵈ ᶤᶰ ᶜᶤʳᶜˡᵉˢ ᵘⁿᵗⁱˡ ᵇˡᵒᵒᵈ ˡᵒˢˢ ʰᵃᵈ ᶠᵒˡˡᵒʷᵉᵈ
𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 /ˈ𝓯𝓵ɒ𝓻ɪ𝓭ə/ (𝓐𝓫𝓸𝓾𝓽 𝓽𝓱𝓲𝓼 𝓼𝓸𝓾𝓷𝓭 𝓵𝓲𝓼𝓽𝓮𝓷) (𝓢𝓹𝓪𝓷𝓲𝓼𝓱 𝓯𝓸𝓻 "𝓵𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓸𝓯 𝓯𝓵𝓸𝔀𝓮𝓻𝓼") 𝓲𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓸𝓾𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓻𝓷𝓶𝓸𝓼𝓽 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓸𝓾𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓪𝓼𝓽𝓮𝓻𝓷 𝓻𝓮𝓰𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓸𝓯 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓤𝓷𝓲𝓽𝓮𝓭 𝓢𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓼. 𝓣𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓲𝓼 𝓫𝓸𝓻𝓭𝓮𝓻𝓮𝓭 𝓽𝓸 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝔀𝓮𝓼𝓽 𝓫𝔂 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓖𝓾𝓵𝓯 𝓸𝓯 𝓜𝓮𝔁𝓲𝓬𝓸 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓐𝓵𝓪𝓫𝓪𝓶𝓪, 𝓽𝓸 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓷𝓸𝓻𝓽𝓱 𝓫𝔂 𝓐𝓵𝓪𝓫𝓪𝓶𝓪 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓖𝓮𝓸𝓻𝓰𝓲𝓪, 𝓽𝓸 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓮𝓪𝓼𝓽 𝓫𝔂 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓐𝓽𝓵𝓪𝓷𝓽𝓲𝓬 𝓞𝓬𝓮𝓪𝓷, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓽𝓸 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓸𝓾𝓽𝓱 𝓫𝔂 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓢𝓽𝓻𝓪𝓲𝓽𝓼 𝓸𝓯 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪. 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓲𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 22𝓷𝓭-𝓶𝓸𝓼𝓽 𝓮𝔁𝓽𝓮𝓷𝓼𝓲𝓿𝓮, 𝓽𝓱𝓮 3𝓻𝓭-𝓶𝓸𝓼𝓽 𝓹𝓸𝓹𝓾𝓵𝓸𝓾𝓼,[9] 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓽𝓱𝓮 8𝓽𝓱-𝓶𝓸𝓼𝓽 𝓭𝓮𝓷𝓼𝓮𝓵𝔂 𝓹𝓸𝓹𝓾𝓵𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓭 𝓸𝓯 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓤.𝓢. 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓼. 𝓙𝓪𝓬𝓴𝓼𝓸𝓷𝓿𝓲𝓵𝓵𝓮 𝓲𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓶𝓸𝓼𝓽 𝓹𝓸𝓹𝓾𝓵𝓸𝓾𝓼 𝓶𝓾𝓷𝓲𝓬𝓲𝓹𝓪𝓵𝓲𝓽𝔂 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓵𝓪𝓻𝓰𝓮𝓼𝓽 𝓬𝓲𝓽𝔂 𝓫𝔂 𝓪𝓻𝓮𝓪 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓽𝓲𝓰𝓾𝓸𝓾𝓼 𝓤𝓷𝓲𝓽𝓮𝓭 𝓢𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓼 (𝓭𝓾𝓮 𝓽𝓸 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓼𝓸𝓵𝓲𝓭𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓸𝓯 𝓙𝓪𝓬𝓴𝓼𝓸𝓷𝓿𝓲𝓵𝓵𝓮 𝔀𝓲𝓽𝓱 𝓓𝓾𝓿𝓪𝓵 𝓒𝓸𝓾𝓷𝓽𝔂). 𝓣𝓱𝓮 𝓜𝓲𝓪𝓶𝓲 𝓶𝓮𝓽𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓸𝓵𝓲𝓽𝓪𝓷 𝓪𝓻𝓮𝓪 𝓲𝓼 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪'𝓼 𝓶𝓸𝓼𝓽 𝓹𝓸𝓹𝓾𝓵𝓸𝓾𝓼 𝓾𝓻𝓫𝓪𝓷 𝓪𝓻𝓮𝓪. 𝓣𝓪𝓵𝓵𝓪𝓱𝓪𝓼𝓼𝓮𝓮 𝓲𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮'𝓼 𝓬𝓪𝓹𝓲𝓽𝓪𝓵. 𝓐𝓫𝓸𝓾𝓽 𝓽𝔀𝓸-𝓽𝓱𝓲𝓻𝓭𝓼 𝓸𝓯 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓸𝓬𝓬𝓾𝓹𝓲𝓮𝓼 𝓪 𝓹𝓮𝓷𝓲𝓷𝓼𝓾𝓵𝓪 𝓫𝓮𝓽𝔀𝓮𝓮𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓖𝓾𝓵𝓯 𝓸𝓯 𝓜𝓮𝔁𝓲𝓬𝓸 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓐𝓽𝓵𝓪𝓷𝓽𝓲𝓬 𝓞𝓬𝓮𝓪𝓷. 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓱𝓪𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓵𝓸𝓷𝓰𝓮𝓼𝓽 𝓬𝓸𝓪𝓼𝓽𝓵𝓲𝓷𝓮 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓽𝓲𝓰𝓾𝓸𝓾𝓼 𝓤𝓷𝓲𝓽𝓮𝓭 𝓢𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓼, 𝓪𝓹𝓹𝓻𝓸𝔁𝓲𝓶𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓵𝔂 1,350 𝓶𝓲𝓵𝓮𝓼 (2,170 𝓴𝓶), 𝓷𝓸𝓽 𝓲𝓷𝓬𝓵𝓾𝓭𝓲𝓷𝓰 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓽𝓻𝓲𝓫𝓾𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓸𝓯 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓶𝓪𝓷𝔂 𝓫𝓪𝓻𝓻𝓲𝓮𝓻 𝓲𝓼𝓵𝓪𝓷𝓭𝓼. 𝓘𝓽 𝓲𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓸𝓷𝓵𝔂 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓽𝓱𝓪𝓽 𝓫𝓸𝓻𝓭𝓮𝓻𝓼 𝓫𝓸𝓽𝓱 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓖𝓾𝓵𝓯 𝓸𝓯 𝓜𝓮𝔁𝓲𝓬𝓸 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓐𝓽𝓵𝓪𝓷𝓽𝓲𝓬 𝓞𝓬𝓮𝓪𝓷. 𝓜𝓾𝓬𝓱 𝓸𝓯 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓲𝓼 𝓪𝓽 𝓸𝓻 𝓷𝓮𝓪𝓻 𝓼𝓮𝓪 𝓵𝓮𝓿𝓮𝓵 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓲𝓼 𝓬𝓱𝓪𝓻𝓪𝓬𝓽𝓮𝓻𝓲𝔃𝓮𝓭 𝓫𝔂 𝓼𝓮𝓭𝓲𝓶𝓮𝓷𝓽𝓪𝓻𝔂 𝓼𝓸𝓲𝓵. 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓱𝓪𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓵𝓸𝔀𝓮𝓼𝓽 𝓱𝓲𝓰𝓱 𝓹𝓸𝓲𝓷𝓽 𝓸𝓯 𝓪𝓷𝔂 𝓤.𝓢. 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮. 𝓣𝓱𝓮 𝓬𝓵𝓲𝓶𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓿𝓪𝓻𝓲𝓮𝓼 𝓯𝓻𝓸𝓶 𝓼𝓾𝓫𝓽𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓵 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓷𝓸𝓻𝓽𝓱 𝓽𝓸 𝓽𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓵 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓸𝓾𝓽𝓱.[10] 𝓣𝓱𝓮 𝓐𝓶𝓮𝓻𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓷 𝓪𝓵𝓵𝓲𝓰𝓪𝓽𝓸𝓻, 𝓐𝓶𝓮𝓻𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓷 𝓬𝓻𝓸𝓬𝓸𝓭𝓲𝓵𝓮, 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓹𝓪𝓷𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓻, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓶𝓪𝓷𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓮 𝓬𝓪𝓷 𝓫𝓮 𝓯𝓸𝓾𝓷𝓭 𝓲𝓷 𝓔𝓿𝓮𝓻𝓰𝓵𝓪𝓭𝓮𝓼 𝓝𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷𝓪𝓵 𝓟𝓪𝓻𝓴 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓸𝓾𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓻𝓷 𝓹𝓪𝓻𝓽 𝓸𝓯 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮. 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓲𝓼 𝓸𝓷𝓮 𝓸𝓯 𝓸𝓷𝓵𝔂 𝓽𝔀𝓸 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓪𝓽 𝓱𝓪𝓼 𝓪 𝓽𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓵 𝓬𝓵𝓲𝓶𝓪𝓽𝓮, 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓸𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓻 𝓸𝓷𝓮 𝓲𝓼 𝓗𝓪𝔀𝓪𝓲𝓲 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓲𝓼 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓸𝓷𝓵𝔂 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓽𝓲𝓷𝓮𝓷𝓽𝓪𝓵 𝓤.𝓢. 𝓢𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝔀𝓲𝓽𝓱 𝓪 𝓽𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓵 𝓬𝓵𝓲𝓶𝓪𝓽𝓮. 𝓢𝓲𝓷𝓬𝓮 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓯𝓲𝓻𝓼𝓽 𝓔𝓾𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓮𝓪𝓷 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓽𝓪𝓬𝓽 𝔀𝓪𝓼 𝓶𝓪𝓭𝓮 𝓲𝓷 1513 𝓫𝔂 𝓢𝓹𝓪𝓷𝓲𝓼𝓱 𝓮𝔁𝓹𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓮𝓻 𝓙𝓾𝓪𝓷 𝓟𝓸𝓷𝓬𝓮 𝓭𝓮 𝓛𝓮ó𝓷 – 𝔀𝓱𝓸 𝓷𝓪𝓶𝓮𝓭 𝓲𝓽 𝓛𝓪 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 ([𝓵𝓪 𝓯𝓵𝓸ˈɾ𝓲ð𝓪] "𝓵𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓸𝓯 𝓯𝓵𝓸𝔀𝓮𝓻𝓼") 𝓾𝓹𝓸𝓷 𝓵𝓪𝓷𝓭𝓲𝓷𝓰 𝓽𝓱𝓮𝓻𝓮 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓔𝓪𝓼𝓽𝓮𝓻 𝓼𝓮𝓪𝓼𝓸𝓷, 𝓟𝓪𝓼𝓬𝓾𝓪 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪[11] – 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝔀𝓪𝓼 𝓪 𝓬𝓱𝓪𝓵𝓵𝓮𝓷𝓰𝓮 𝓯𝓸𝓻 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓔𝓾𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓮𝓪𝓷 𝓬𝓸𝓵𝓸𝓷𝓲𝓪𝓵 𝓹𝓸𝔀𝓮𝓻𝓼 𝓫𝓮𝓯𝓸𝓻𝓮 𝓲𝓽 𝓰𝓪𝓲𝓷𝓮𝓭 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓱𝓸𝓸𝓭 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓤𝓷𝓲𝓽𝓮𝓭 𝓢𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓼 𝓲𝓷 1845. 𝓘𝓽 𝔀𝓪𝓼 𝓪 𝓹𝓻𝓲𝓷𝓬𝓲𝓹𝓪𝓵 𝓵𝓸𝓬𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓸𝓯 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓢𝓮𝓶𝓲𝓷𝓸𝓵𝓮 𝓦𝓪𝓻𝓼 𝓪𝓰𝓪𝓲𝓷𝓼𝓽 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓝𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓿𝓮 𝓐𝓶𝓮𝓻𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓷𝓼, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓻𝓪𝓬𝓲𝓪𝓵 𝓼𝓮𝓰𝓻𝓮𝓰𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓪𝓯𝓽𝓮𝓻 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓐𝓶𝓮𝓻𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓷 𝓒𝓲𝓿𝓲𝓵 𝓦𝓪𝓻. 𝓣𝓸𝓭𝓪𝔂, 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓲𝓼 𝓭𝓲𝓼𝓽𝓲𝓷𝓬𝓽𝓲𝓿𝓮 𝓯𝓸𝓻 𝓲𝓽𝓼 𝓵𝓪𝓻𝓰𝓮 𝓒𝓾𝓫𝓪𝓷 𝓮𝔁𝓹𝓪𝓽𝓻𝓲𝓪𝓽𝓮 𝓬𝓸𝓶𝓶𝓾𝓷𝓲𝓽𝔂 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓱𝓲𝓰𝓱 𝓹𝓸𝓹𝓾𝓵𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓰𝓻𝓸𝔀𝓽𝓱, 𝓪𝓼 𝔀𝓮𝓵𝓵 𝓪𝓼 𝓯𝓸𝓻 𝓲𝓽𝓼 𝓲𝓷𝓬𝓻𝓮𝓪𝓼𝓲𝓷𝓰 𝓮𝓷𝓿𝓲𝓻𝓸𝓷𝓶𝓮𝓷𝓽𝓪𝓵 𝓲𝓼𝓼𝓾𝓮𝓼. 𝓣𝓱𝓮 𝓼𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓮'𝓼 𝓮𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓸𝓶𝔂 𝓻𝓮𝓵𝓲𝓮𝓼 𝓶𝓪𝓲𝓷𝓵𝔂 𝓸𝓷 𝓽𝓸𝓾𝓻𝓲𝓼𝓶, 𝓪𝓰𝓻𝓲𝓬𝓾𝓵𝓽𝓾𝓻𝓮, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓽𝓻𝓪𝓷𝓼𝓹𝓸𝓻𝓽𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷, 𝔀𝓱𝓲𝓬𝓱 𝓭𝓮𝓿𝓮𝓵𝓸𝓹𝓮𝓭 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓵𝓪𝓽𝓮 19𝓽𝓱 𝓬𝓮𝓷𝓽𝓾𝓻𝔂. 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓲𝓼 𝓪𝓵𝓼𝓸 𝓻𝓮𝓷𝓸𝔀𝓷𝓮𝓭 𝓯𝓸𝓻 𝓪𝓶𝓾𝓼𝓮𝓶𝓮𝓷𝓽 𝓹𝓪𝓻𝓴𝓼, 𝓸𝓻𝓪𝓷𝓰𝓮 𝓬𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓼, 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓚𝓮𝓷𝓷𝓮𝓭𝔂 𝓢𝓹𝓪𝓬𝓮 𝓒𝓮𝓷𝓽𝓮𝓻, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓪𝓼 𝓪 𝓹𝓸𝓹𝓾𝓵𝓪𝓻 𝓭𝓮𝓼𝓽𝓲𝓷𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓯𝓸𝓻 𝓻𝓮𝓽𝓲𝓻𝓮𝓮𝓼. 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓬𝓾𝓵𝓽𝓾𝓻𝓮 𝓲𝓼 𝓪 𝓻𝓮𝓯𝓵𝓮𝓬𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷 𝓸𝓯 𝓲𝓷𝓯𝓵𝓾𝓮𝓷𝓬𝓮𝓼 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓶𝓾𝓵𝓽𝓲𝓹𝓵𝓮 𝓲𝓷𝓱𝓮𝓻𝓲𝓽𝓪𝓷𝓬𝓮; 𝓐𝓯𝓻𝓲𝓬𝓪𝓷, 𝓔𝓾𝓻𝓸𝓹𝓮𝓪𝓷, 𝓲𝓷𝓭𝓲𝓰𝓮𝓷𝓸𝓾𝓼, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓛𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓷𝓸 𝓱𝓮𝓻𝓲𝓽𝓪𝓰𝓮𝓼 𝓬𝓪𝓷 𝓫𝓮 𝓯𝓸𝓾𝓷𝓭 𝓲𝓷 𝓽𝓱𝓮 𝓪𝓻𝓬𝓱𝓲𝓽𝓮𝓬𝓽𝓾𝓻𝓮 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓬𝓾𝓲𝓼𝓲𝓷𝓮. 𝓕𝓵𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓭𝓪 𝓱𝓪𝓼 𝓪𝓽𝓽𝓻𝓪𝓬𝓽𝓮𝓭 𝓶𝓪𝓷𝔂 𝔀𝓻𝓲𝓽𝓮𝓻𝓼 𝓼𝓾𝓬𝓱 𝓪𝓼 𝓜𝓪𝓻𝓳𝓸𝓻𝓲𝓮 𝓚𝓲𝓷𝓷𝓪𝓷 𝓡𝓪𝔀𝓵𝓲𝓷𝓰𝓼, 𝓔𝓻𝓷𝓮𝓼𝓽 𝓗𝓮𝓶𝓲𝓷𝓰𝔀𝓪𝔂 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓣𝓮𝓷𝓷𝓮𝓼𝓼𝓮𝓮 𝓦𝓲𝓵𝓵𝓲𝓪𝓶𝓼, 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓬𝓸𝓷𝓽𝓲𝓷𝓾𝓮𝓼 𝓽𝓸 𝓪𝓽𝓽𝓻𝓪𝓬𝓽 𝓬𝓮𝓵𝓮𝓫𝓻𝓲𝓽𝓲𝓮𝓼 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝓪𝓽𝓱𝓵𝓮𝓽𝓮𝓼. 𝓘𝓽 𝓲𝓼 𝓲𝓷𝓽𝓮𝓻𝓷𝓪𝓽𝓲𝓸𝓷𝓪𝓵𝓵𝔂 𝓴𝓷𝓸𝔀𝓷 𝓯𝓸𝓻 𝓰𝓸𝓵𝓯, 𝓽𝓮𝓷𝓷𝓲𝓼, 𝓪𝓾𝓽𝓸 𝓻𝓪𝓬𝓲𝓷𝓰 𝓪𝓷𝓭 𝔀𝓪𝓽𝓮𝓻 𝓼𝓹𝓸𝓻𝓽𝓼.
ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ /ˈꜰʟⱰʀꞮᴅƏ/ (ꜱᴘᴀɴɪꜱʜ ꜰᴏʀ "ʟᴀɴᴅ ᴏꜰ ꜰʟᴏᴡᴇʀꜱ") ɪꜱ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴏᴜᴛʜᴇʀɴᴍᴏꜱᴛ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴏᴜᴛʜᴇᴀꜱᴛᴇʀɴ ʀᴇɢɪᴏɴ ᴏꜰ ᴛʜᴇ ᴜɴɪᴛᴇᴅ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇꜱ. ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ ɪꜱ ʙᴏʀᴅᴇʀᴇᴅ ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ᴡᴇꜱᴛ ʙʏ ᴛʜᴇ ɢᴜʟꜰ ᴏꜰ ᴍᴇxɪᴄᴏ ᴀɴᴅ ᴀʟᴀʙᴀᴍᴀ, ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ɴᴏʀᴛʜ ʙʏ ᴀʟᴀʙᴀᴍᴀ ᴀɴᴅ ɢᴇᴏʀɢɪᴀ, ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ᴇᴀꜱᴛ ʙʏ ᴛʜᴇ ᴀᴛʟᴀɴᴛɪᴄ ᴏᴄᴇᴀɴ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴏᴜᴛʜ ʙʏ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴛʀᴀɪᴛꜱ ᴏꜰ ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ. ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ɪꜱ ᴛʜᴇ 22ɴᴅ-ᴍᴏꜱᴛ ᴇxᴛᴇɴꜱɪᴠᴇ, ᴛʜᴇ 3ʀᴅ-ᴍᴏꜱᴛ ᴘᴏᴘᴜʟᴏᴜꜱ ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ 8ᴛʜ-ᴍᴏꜱᴛ ᴅᴇɴꜱᴇʟʏ ᴘᴏᴘᴜʟᴀᴛᴇᴅ ᴏꜰ ᴛʜᴇ ᴜ.ꜱ. ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇꜱ. ᴊᴀᴄᴋꜱᴏɴᴠɪʟʟᴇ ɪꜱ ᴛʜᴇ ᴍᴏꜱᴛ ᴘᴏᴘᴜʟᴏᴜꜱ ᴍᴜɴɪᴄɪᴘᴀʟɪᴛʏ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ ʟᴀʀɢᴇꜱᴛ ᴄɪᴛʏ ʙʏ ᴀʀᴇᴀ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ᴄᴏɴᴛɪɢᴜᴏᴜꜱ ᴜɴɪᴛᴇᴅ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇꜱ (ᴅᴜᴇ ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ᴄᴏɴꜱᴏʟɪᴅᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ᴏꜰ ᴊᴀᴄᴋꜱᴏɴᴠɪʟʟᴇ ᴡɪᴛʜ ᴅᴜᴠᴀʟ ᴄᴏᴜɴᴛʏ). ᴛʜᴇ ᴍɪᴀᴍɪ ᴍᴇᴛʀᴏᴘᴏʟɪᴛᴀɴ ᴀʀᴇᴀ ɪꜱ ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ'ꜱ ᴍᴏꜱᴛ ᴘᴏᴘᴜʟᴏᴜꜱ ᴜʀʙᴀɴ ᴀʀᴇᴀ. ᴛᴀʟʟᴀʜᴀꜱꜱᴇᴇ ɪꜱ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ'ꜱ ᴄᴀᴘɪᴛᴀʟ. ᴀʙᴏᴜᴛ ᴛᴡᴏ-ᴛʜɪʀᴅꜱ ᴏꜰ ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ᴏᴄᴄᴜᴘɪᴇꜱ ᴀ ᴘᴇɴɪɴꜱᴜʟᴀ ʙᴇᴛᴡᴇᴇɴ ᴛʜᴇ ɢᴜʟꜰ ᴏꜰ ᴍᴇxɪᴄᴏ ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ ᴀᴛʟᴀɴᴛɪᴄ ᴏᴄᴇᴀɴ. ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ʜᴀꜱ ᴛʜᴇ ʟᴏɴɢᴇꜱᴛ ᴄᴏᴀꜱᴛʟɪɴᴇ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ᴄᴏɴᴛɪɢᴜᴏᴜꜱ ᴜɴɪᴛᴇᴅ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇꜱ, ᴀᴘᴘʀᴏxɪᴍᴀᴛᴇʟʏ 1,350 ᴍɪʟᴇꜱ (2,170 ᴋᴍ), ɴᴏᴛ ɪɴᴄʟᴜᴅɪɴɢ ᴛʜᴇ ᴄᴏɴᴛʀɪʙᴜᴛɪᴏɴ ᴏꜰ ᴛʜᴇ ᴍᴀɴʏ ʙᴀʀʀɪᴇʀ ɪꜱʟᴀɴᴅꜱ. ɪᴛ ɪꜱ ᴛʜᴇ ᴏɴʟʏ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ʙᴏʀᴅᴇʀꜱ ʙᴏᴛʜ ᴛʜᴇ ɢᴜʟꜰ ᴏꜰ ᴍᴇxɪᴄᴏ ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ ᴀᴛʟᴀɴᴛɪᴄ ᴏᴄᴇᴀɴ. ᴍᴜᴄʜ ᴏꜰ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ ɪꜱ ᴀᴛ ᴏʀ ɴᴇᴀʀ ꜱᴇᴀ ʟᴇᴠᴇʟ ᴀɴᴅ ɪꜱ ᴄʜᴀʀᴀᴄᴛᴇʀɪᴢᴇᴅ ʙʏ ꜱᴇᴅɪᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʀʏ ꜱᴏɪʟ. ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ʜᴀꜱ ᴛʜᴇ ʟᴏᴡᴇꜱᴛ ʜɪɢʜ ᴘᴏɪɴᴛ ᴏꜰ ᴀɴʏ ᴜ.ꜱ. ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ. ᴛʜᴇ ᴄʟɪᴍᴀᴛᴇ ᴠᴀʀɪᴇꜱ ꜰʀᴏᴍ ꜱᴜʙᴛʀᴏᴘɪᴄᴀʟ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ɴᴏʀᴛʜ ᴛᴏ ᴛʀᴏᴘɪᴄᴀʟ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴏᴜᴛʜ. ᴛʜᴇ ᴀᴍᴇʀɪᴄᴀɴ ᴀʟʟɪɢᴀᴛᴏʀ, ᴀᴍᴇʀɪᴄᴀɴ ᴄʀᴏᴄᴏᴅɪʟᴇ, ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ᴘᴀɴᴛʜᴇʀ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴍᴀɴᴀᴛᴇᴇ ᴄᴀɴ ʙᴇ ꜰᴏᴜɴᴅ ɪɴ ᴇᴠᴇʀɢʟᴀᴅᴇꜱ ɴᴀᴛɪᴏɴᴀʟ ᴘᴀʀᴋ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴏᴜᴛʜᴇʀɴ ᴘᴀʀᴛ ᴏꜰ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ. ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ɪꜱ ᴏɴᴇ ᴏꜰ ᴏɴʟʏ ᴛᴡᴏ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇꜱ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ʜᴀꜱ ᴀ ᴛʀᴏᴘɪᴄᴀʟ ᴄʟɪᴍᴀᴛᴇ, ᴛʜᴇ ᴏᴛʜᴇʀ ᴏɴᴇ ɪꜱ ʜᴀᴡᴀɪɪ ᴀɴᴅ ɪꜱ ᴛʜᴇ ᴏɴʟʏ ᴄᴏɴᴛɪɴᴇɴᴛᴀʟ ᴜ.ꜱ. ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ ᴡɪᴛʜ ᴀ ᴛʀᴏᴘɪᴄᴀʟ ᴄʟɪᴍᴀᴛᴇ. ꜱɪɴᴄᴇ ᴛʜᴇ ꜰɪʀꜱᴛ ᴇᴜʀᴏᴘᴇᴀɴ ᴄᴏɴᴛᴀᴄᴛ ᴡᴀꜱ ᴍᴀᴅᴇ ɪɴ 1513 ʙʏ ꜱᴘᴀɴɪꜱʜ ᴇxᴘʟᴏʀᴇʀ ᴊᴜᴀɴ ᴘᴏɴᴄᴇ ᴅᴇ ʟᴇÓɴ – ᴡʜᴏ ɴᴀᴍᴇᴅ ɪᴛ ʟᴀ ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ([ʟᴀ ꜰʟᴏˈɾɪÐᴀ] "ʟᴀɴᴅ ᴏꜰ ꜰʟᴏᴡᴇʀꜱ") ᴜᴘᴏɴ ʟᴀɴᴅɪɴɢ ᴛʜᴇʀᴇ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ᴇᴀꜱᴛᴇʀ ꜱᴇᴀꜱᴏɴ, ᴘᴀꜱᴄᴜᴀ ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ – ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ᴡᴀꜱ ᴀ ᴄʜᴀʟʟᴇɴɢᴇ ꜰᴏʀ ᴛʜᴇ ᴇᴜʀᴏᴘᴇᴀɴ ᴄᴏʟᴏɴɪᴀʟ ᴘᴏᴡᴇʀꜱ ʙᴇꜰᴏʀᴇ ɪᴛ ɢᴀɪɴᴇᴅ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇʜᴏᴏᴅ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ᴜɴɪᴛᴇᴅ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇꜱ ɪɴ 1845. ɪᴛ ᴡᴀꜱ ᴀ ᴘʀɪɴᴄɪᴘᴀʟ ʟᴏᴄᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ᴏꜰ ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴇᴍɪɴᴏʟᴇ ᴡᴀʀꜱ ᴀɢᴀɪɴꜱᴛ ᴛʜᴇ ɴᴀᴛɪᴠᴇ ᴀᴍᴇʀɪᴄᴀɴꜱ, ᴀɴᴅ ʀᴀᴄɪᴀʟ ꜱᴇɢʀᴇɢᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ᴀꜰᴛᴇʀ ᴛʜᴇ ᴀᴍᴇʀɪᴄᴀɴ ᴄɪᴠɪʟ ᴡᴀʀ. ᴛᴏᴅᴀʏ, ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ɪꜱ ᴅɪꜱᴛɪɴᴄᴛɪᴠᴇ ꜰᴏʀ ɪᴛꜱ ʟᴀʀɢᴇ ᴄᴜʙᴀɴ ᴇxᴘᴀᴛʀɪᴀᴛᴇ ᴄᴏᴍᴍᴜɴɪᴛʏ ᴀɴᴅ ʜɪɢʜ ᴘᴏᴘᴜʟᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ɢʀᴏᴡᴛʜ, ᴀꜱ ᴡᴇʟʟ ᴀꜱ ꜰᴏʀ ɪᴛꜱ ɪɴᴄʀᴇᴀꜱɪɴɢ ᴇɴᴠɪʀᴏɴᴍᴇɴᴛᴀʟ ɪꜱꜱᴜᴇꜱ. ᴛʜᴇ ꜱᴛᴀᴛᴇ'ꜱ ᴇᴄᴏɴᴏᴍʏ ʀᴇʟɪᴇꜱ ᴍᴀɪɴʟʏ ᴏɴ ᴛᴏᴜʀɪꜱᴍ, ᴀɢʀɪᴄᴜʟᴛᴜʀᴇ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʀᴀɴꜱᴘᴏʀᴛᴀᴛɪᴏɴ, ᴡʜɪᴄʜ ᴅᴇᴠᴇʟᴏᴘᴇᴅ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ʟᴀᴛᴇ 19ᴛʜ ᴄᴇɴᴛᴜʀʏ. ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ɪꜱ ᴀʟꜱᴏ ʀᴇɴᴏᴡɴᴇᴅ ꜰᴏʀ ᴀᴍᴜꜱᴇᴍᴇɴᴛ ᴘᴀʀᴋꜱ, ᴏʀᴀɴɢᴇ ᴄʀᴏᴘꜱ, ᴛʜᴇ ᴋᴇɴɴᴇᴅʏ ꜱᴘᴀᴄᴇ ᴄᴇɴᴛᴇʀ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴀꜱ ᴀ ᴘᴏᴘᴜʟᴀʀ ᴅᴇꜱᴛɪɴᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ꜰᴏʀ ʀᴇᴛɪʀᴇᴇꜱ. ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ᴄᴜʟᴛᴜʀᴇ ɪꜱ ᴀ ʀᴇꜰʟᴇᴄᴛɪᴏɴ ᴏꜰ ɪɴꜰʟᴜᴇɴᴄᴇꜱ ᴀɴᴅ ᴍᴜʟᴛɪᴘʟᴇ ɪɴʜᴇʀɪᴛᴀɴᴄᴇ; ᴀꜰʀɪᴄᴀɴ, ᴇᴜʀᴏᴘᴇᴀɴ, ɪɴᴅɪɢᴇɴᴏᴜꜱ, ᴀɴᴅ ʟᴀᴛɪɴᴏ ʜᴇʀɪᴛᴀɢᴇꜱ ᴄᴀɴ ʙᴇ ꜰᴏᴜɴᴅ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ᴀʀᴄʜɪᴛᴇᴄᴛᴜʀᴇ ᴀɴᴅ ᴄᴜɪꜱɪɴᴇ. ꜰʟᴏʀɪᴅᴀ ʜᴀꜱ ᴀᴛᴛʀᴀᴄᴛᴇᴅ ᴍᴀɴʏ ᴡʀɪᴛᴇʀꜱ ꜱᴜᴄʜ ᴀꜱ ᴍᴀʀᴊᴏʀɪᴇ ᴋɪɴɴᴀɴ ʀᴀᴡʟɪɴɢꜱ, ᴇʀɴᴇꜱᴛ ʜᴇᴍɪɴɢᴡᴀʏ ᴀɴᴅ ᴛᴇɴɴᴇꜱꜱᴇᴇ ᴡɪʟʟɪᴀᴍꜱ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴄᴏɴᴛɪɴᴜᴇꜱ ᴛᴏ ᴀᴛᴛʀᴀᴄᴛ ᴄᴇʟᴇʙʀɪᴛɪᴇꜱ ᴀɴᴅ ᴀᴛʜʟᴇᴛᴇꜱ. ɪᴛ ɪꜱ ɪɴᴛᴇʀɴᴀᴛɪᴏɴᴀʟʟʏ ᴋɴᴏᴡɴ ꜰᴏʀ ɢᴏʟꜰ, ᴛᴇɴɴɪꜱ, ᴀᴜᴛᴏ ʀᴀᴄɪɴɢ ᴀɴᴅ ᴡᴀᴛᴇʀ ꜱᴘᴏʀᴛꜱ.
𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 /ˈ𝒻𝓁ɒ𝓇ɪ𝒹ə/ (𝒜𝒷𝑜𝓊𝓉 𝓉𝒽𝒾𝓈 𝓈𝑜𝓊𝓃𝒹 𝓁𝒾𝓈𝓉𝑒𝓃) (𝒮𝓅𝒶𝓃𝒾𝓈𝒽 𝒻𝑜𝓇 "𝓁𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝑜𝒻 𝒻𝓁𝑜𝓌𝑒𝓇𝓈") 𝒾𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝑜𝓊𝓉𝒽𝑒𝓇𝓃𝓂𝑜𝓈𝓉 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝑜𝓊𝓉𝒽𝑒𝒶𝓈𝓉𝑒𝓇𝓃 𝓇𝑒𝑔𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝑜𝒻 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒰𝓃𝒾𝓉𝑒𝒹 𝒮𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓈. 𝒯𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝒾𝓈 𝒷𝑜𝓇𝒹𝑒𝓇𝑒𝒹 𝓉𝑜 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓌𝑒𝓈𝓉 𝒷𝓎 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒢𝓊𝓁𝒻 𝑜𝒻 𝑀𝑒𝓍𝒾𝒸𝑜 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒜𝓁𝒶𝒷𝒶𝓂𝒶, 𝓉𝑜 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓃𝑜𝓇𝓉𝒽 𝒷𝓎 𝒜𝓁𝒶𝒷𝒶𝓂𝒶 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒢𝑒𝑜𝓇𝑔𝒾𝒶, 𝓉𝑜 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝑒𝒶𝓈𝓉 𝒷𝓎 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒜𝓉𝓁𝒶𝓃𝓉𝒾𝒸 𝒪𝒸𝑒𝒶𝓃, 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓉𝑜 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝑜𝓊𝓉𝒽 𝒷𝓎 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒮𝓉𝓇𝒶𝒾𝓉𝓈 𝑜𝒻 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶. 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒾𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝟤𝟤𝓃𝒹-𝓂𝑜𝓈𝓉 𝑒𝓍𝓉𝑒𝓃𝓈𝒾𝓋𝑒, 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝟥𝓇𝒹-𝓂𝑜𝓈𝓉 𝓅𝑜𝓅𝓊𝓁𝑜𝓊𝓈,[𝟫] 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝟪𝓉𝒽-𝓂𝑜𝓈𝓉 𝒹𝑒𝓃𝓈𝑒𝓁𝓎 𝓅𝑜𝓅𝓊𝓁𝒶𝓉𝑒𝒹 𝑜𝒻 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒰.𝒮. 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓈. 𝒥𝒶𝒸𝓀𝓈𝑜𝓃𝓋𝒾𝓁𝓁𝑒 𝒾𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓂𝑜𝓈𝓉 𝓅𝑜𝓅𝓊𝓁𝑜𝓊𝓈 𝓂𝓊𝓃𝒾𝒸𝒾𝓅𝒶𝓁𝒾𝓉𝓎 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓁𝒶𝓇𝑔𝑒𝓈𝓉 𝒸𝒾𝓉𝓎 𝒷𝓎 𝒶𝓇𝑒𝒶 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒸𝑜𝓃𝓉𝒾𝑔𝓊𝑜𝓊𝓈 𝒰𝓃𝒾𝓉𝑒𝒹 𝒮𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓈 (𝒹𝓊𝑒 𝓉𝑜 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒸𝑜𝓃𝓈𝑜𝓁𝒾𝒹𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝑜𝒻 𝒥𝒶𝒸𝓀𝓈𝑜𝓃𝓋𝒾𝓁𝓁𝑒 𝓌𝒾𝓉𝒽 𝒟𝓊𝓋𝒶𝓁 𝒞𝑜𝓊𝓃𝓉𝓎). 𝒯𝒽𝑒 𝑀𝒾𝒶𝓂𝒾 𝓂𝑒𝓉𝓇𝑜𝓅𝑜𝓁𝒾𝓉𝒶𝓃 𝒶𝓇𝑒𝒶 𝒾𝓈 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶'𝓈 𝓂𝑜𝓈𝓉 𝓅𝑜𝓅𝓊𝓁𝑜𝓊𝓈 𝓊𝓇𝒷𝒶𝓃 𝒶𝓇𝑒𝒶. 𝒯𝒶𝓁𝓁𝒶𝒽𝒶𝓈𝓈𝑒𝑒 𝒾𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒'𝓈 𝒸𝒶𝓅𝒾𝓉𝒶𝓁. 𝒜𝒷𝑜𝓊𝓉 𝓉𝓌𝑜-𝓉𝒽𝒾𝓇𝒹𝓈 𝑜𝒻 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝑜𝒸𝒸𝓊𝓅𝒾𝑒𝓈 𝒶 𝓅𝑒𝓃𝒾𝓃𝓈𝓊𝓁𝒶 𝒷𝑒𝓉𝓌𝑒𝑒𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒢𝓊𝓁𝒻 𝑜𝒻 𝑀𝑒𝓍𝒾𝒸𝑜 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒜𝓉𝓁𝒶𝓃𝓉𝒾𝒸 𝒪𝒸𝑒𝒶𝓃. 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒽𝒶𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓁𝑜𝓃𝑔𝑒𝓈𝓉 𝒸𝑜𝒶𝓈𝓉𝓁𝒾𝓃𝑒 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒸𝑜𝓃𝓉𝒾𝑔𝓊𝑜𝓊𝓈 𝒰𝓃𝒾𝓉𝑒𝒹 𝒮𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓈, 𝒶𝓅𝓅𝓇𝑜𝓍𝒾𝓂𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓁𝓎 𝟣,𝟥𝟧𝟢 𝓂𝒾𝓁𝑒𝓈 (𝟤,𝟣𝟩𝟢 𝓀𝓂), 𝓃𝑜𝓉 𝒾𝓃𝒸𝓁𝓊𝒹𝒾𝓃𝑔 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒸𝑜𝓃𝓉𝓇𝒾𝒷𝓊𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝑜𝒻 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓂𝒶𝓃𝓎 𝒷𝒶𝓇𝓇𝒾𝑒𝓇 𝒾𝓈𝓁𝒶𝓃𝒹𝓈. 𝐼𝓉 𝒾𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝑜𝓃𝓁𝓎 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝓉𝒽𝒶𝓉 𝒷𝑜𝓇𝒹𝑒𝓇𝓈 𝒷𝑜𝓉𝒽 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒢𝓊𝓁𝒻 𝑜𝒻 𝑀𝑒𝓍𝒾𝒸𝑜 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒜𝓉𝓁𝒶𝓃𝓉𝒾𝒸 𝒪𝒸𝑒𝒶𝓃. 𝑀𝓊𝒸𝒽 𝑜𝒻 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝒾𝓈 𝒶𝓉 𝑜𝓇 𝓃𝑒𝒶𝓇 𝓈𝑒𝒶 𝓁𝑒𝓋𝑒𝓁 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒾𝓈 𝒸𝒽𝒶𝓇𝒶𝒸𝓉𝑒𝓇𝒾𝓏𝑒𝒹 𝒷𝓎 𝓈𝑒𝒹𝒾𝓂𝑒𝓃𝓉𝒶𝓇𝓎 𝓈𝑜𝒾𝓁. 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒽𝒶𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓁𝑜𝓌𝑒𝓈𝓉 𝒽𝒾𝑔𝒽 𝓅𝑜𝒾𝓃𝓉 𝑜𝒻 𝒶𝓃𝓎 𝒰.𝒮. 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒. 𝒯𝒽𝑒 𝒸𝓁𝒾𝓂𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝓋𝒶𝓇𝒾𝑒𝓈 𝒻𝓇𝑜𝓂 𝓈𝓊𝒷𝓉𝓇𝑜𝓅𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓁 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓃𝑜𝓇𝓉𝒽 𝓉𝑜 𝓉𝓇𝑜𝓅𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓁 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝑜𝓊𝓉𝒽.[𝟣𝟢] 𝒯𝒽𝑒 𝒜𝓂𝑒𝓇𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓃 𝒶𝓁𝓁𝒾𝑔𝒶𝓉𝑜𝓇, 𝒜𝓂𝑒𝓇𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓃 𝒸𝓇𝑜𝒸𝑜𝒹𝒾𝓁𝑒, 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝓅𝒶𝓃𝓉𝒽𝑒𝓇, 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓂𝒶𝓃𝒶𝓉𝑒𝑒 𝒸𝒶𝓃 𝒷𝑒 𝒻𝑜𝓊𝓃𝒹 𝒾𝓃 𝐸𝓋𝑒𝓇𝑔𝓁𝒶𝒹𝑒𝓈 𝒩𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃𝒶𝓁 𝒫𝒶𝓇𝓀 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝑜𝓊𝓉𝒽𝑒𝓇𝓃 𝓅𝒶𝓇𝓉 𝑜𝒻 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒. 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒾𝓈 𝑜𝓃𝑒 𝑜𝒻 𝑜𝓃𝓁𝓎 𝓉𝓌𝑜 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝒶𝓉 𝒽𝒶𝓈 𝒶 𝓉𝓇𝑜𝓅𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓁 𝒸𝓁𝒾𝓂𝒶𝓉𝑒, 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝑜𝓉𝒽𝑒𝓇 𝑜𝓃𝑒 𝒾𝓈 𝐻𝒶𝓌𝒶𝒾𝒾 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒾𝓈 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝑜𝓃𝓁𝓎 𝒸𝑜𝓃𝓉𝒾𝓃𝑒𝓃𝓉𝒶𝓁 𝒰.𝒮. 𝒮𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝓌𝒾𝓉𝒽 𝒶 𝓉𝓇𝑜𝓅𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓁 𝒸𝓁𝒾𝓂𝒶𝓉𝑒. 𝒮𝒾𝓃𝒸𝑒 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒻𝒾𝓇𝓈𝓉 𝐸𝓊𝓇𝑜𝓅𝑒𝒶𝓃 𝒸𝑜𝓃𝓉𝒶𝒸𝓉 𝓌𝒶𝓈 𝓂𝒶𝒹𝑒 𝒾𝓃 𝟣𝟧𝟣𝟥 𝒷𝓎 𝒮𝓅𝒶𝓃𝒾𝓈𝒽 𝑒𝓍𝓅𝓁𝑜𝓇𝑒𝓇 𝒥𝓊𝒶𝓃 𝒫𝑜𝓃𝒸𝑒 𝒹𝑒 𝐿𝑒ó𝓃 – 𝓌𝒽𝑜 𝓃𝒶𝓂𝑒𝒹 𝒾𝓉 𝐿𝒶 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 ([𝓁𝒶 𝒻𝓁𝑜ˈɾ𝒾ð𝒶] "𝓁𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝑜𝒻 𝒻𝓁𝑜𝓌𝑒𝓇𝓈") 𝓊𝓅𝑜𝓃 𝓁𝒶𝓃𝒹𝒾𝓃𝑔 𝓉𝒽𝑒𝓇𝑒 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝐸𝒶𝓈𝓉𝑒𝓇 𝓈𝑒𝒶𝓈𝑜𝓃, 𝒫𝒶𝓈𝒸𝓊𝒶 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶[𝟣𝟣] – 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝓌𝒶𝓈 𝒶 𝒸𝒽𝒶𝓁𝓁𝑒𝓃𝑔𝑒 𝒻𝑜𝓇 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝐸𝓊𝓇𝑜𝓅𝑒𝒶𝓃 𝒸𝑜𝓁𝑜𝓃𝒾𝒶𝓁 𝓅𝑜𝓌𝑒𝓇𝓈 𝒷𝑒𝒻𝑜𝓇𝑒 𝒾𝓉 𝑔𝒶𝒾𝓃𝑒𝒹 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒𝒽𝑜𝑜𝒹 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒰𝓃𝒾𝓉𝑒𝒹 𝒮𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓈 𝒾𝓃 𝟣𝟪𝟦𝟧. 𝐼𝓉 𝓌𝒶𝓈 𝒶 𝓅𝓇𝒾𝓃𝒸𝒾𝓅𝒶𝓁 𝓁𝑜𝒸𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝑜𝒻 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒮𝑒𝓂𝒾𝓃𝑜𝓁𝑒 𝒲𝒶𝓇𝓈 𝒶𝑔𝒶𝒾𝓃𝓈𝓉 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒩𝒶𝓉𝒾𝓋𝑒 𝒜𝓂𝑒𝓇𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓃𝓈, 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓇𝒶𝒸𝒾𝒶𝓁 𝓈𝑒𝑔𝓇𝑒𝑔𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝒶𝒻𝓉𝑒𝓇 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒜𝓂𝑒𝓇𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓃 𝒞𝒾𝓋𝒾𝓁 𝒲𝒶𝓇. 𝒯𝑜𝒹𝒶𝓎, 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒾𝓈 𝒹𝒾𝓈𝓉𝒾𝓃𝒸𝓉𝒾𝓋𝑒 𝒻𝑜𝓇 𝒾𝓉𝓈 𝓁𝒶𝓇𝑔𝑒 𝒞𝓊𝒷𝒶𝓃 𝑒𝓍𝓅𝒶𝓉𝓇𝒾𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝒸𝑜𝓂𝓂𝓊𝓃𝒾𝓉𝓎 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒽𝒾𝑔𝒽 𝓅𝑜𝓅𝓊𝓁𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝑔𝓇𝑜𝓌𝓉𝒽, 𝒶𝓈 𝓌𝑒𝓁𝓁 𝒶𝓈 𝒻𝑜𝓇 𝒾𝓉𝓈 𝒾𝓃𝒸𝓇𝑒𝒶𝓈𝒾𝓃𝑔 𝑒𝓃𝓋𝒾𝓇𝑜𝓃𝓂𝑒𝓃𝓉𝒶𝓁 𝒾𝓈𝓈𝓊𝑒𝓈. 𝒯𝒽𝑒 𝓈𝓉𝒶𝓉𝑒'𝓈 𝑒𝒸𝑜𝓃𝑜𝓂𝓎 𝓇𝑒𝓁𝒾𝑒𝓈 𝓂𝒶𝒾𝓃𝓁𝓎 𝑜𝓃 𝓉𝑜𝓊𝓇𝒾𝓈𝓂, 𝒶𝑔𝓇𝒾𝒸𝓊𝓁𝓉𝓊𝓇𝑒, 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓉𝓇𝒶𝓃𝓈𝓅𝑜𝓇𝓉𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃, 𝓌𝒽𝒾𝒸𝒽 𝒹𝑒𝓋𝑒𝓁𝑜𝓅𝑒𝒹 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝓁𝒶𝓉𝑒 𝟣𝟫𝓉𝒽 𝒸𝑒𝓃𝓉𝓊𝓇𝓎. 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒾𝓈 𝒶𝓁𝓈𝑜 𝓇𝑒𝓃𝑜𝓌𝓃𝑒𝒹 𝒻𝑜𝓇 𝒶𝓂𝓊𝓈𝑒𝓂𝑒𝓃𝓉 𝓅𝒶𝓇𝓀𝓈, 𝑜𝓇𝒶𝓃𝑔𝑒 𝒸𝓇𝑜𝓅𝓈, 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒦𝑒𝓃𝓃𝑒𝒹𝓎 𝒮𝓅𝒶𝒸𝑒 𝒞𝑒𝓃𝓉𝑒𝓇, 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒶𝓈 𝒶 𝓅𝑜𝓅𝓊𝓁𝒶𝓇 𝒹𝑒𝓈𝓉𝒾𝓃𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝒻𝑜𝓇 𝓇𝑒𝓉𝒾𝓇𝑒𝑒𝓈. 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒸𝓊𝓁𝓉𝓊𝓇𝑒 𝒾𝓈 𝒶 𝓇𝑒𝒻𝓁𝑒𝒸𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃 𝑜𝒻 𝒾𝓃𝒻𝓁𝓊𝑒𝓃𝒸𝑒𝓈 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓂𝓊𝓁𝓉𝒾𝓅𝓁𝑒 𝒾𝓃𝒽𝑒𝓇𝒾𝓉𝒶𝓃𝒸𝑒; 𝒜𝒻𝓇𝒾𝒸𝒶𝓃, 𝐸𝓊𝓇𝑜𝓅𝑒𝒶𝓃, 𝒾𝓃𝒹𝒾𝑔𝑒𝓃𝑜𝓊𝓈, 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝐿𝒶𝓉𝒾𝓃𝑜 𝒽𝑒𝓇𝒾𝓉𝒶𝑔𝑒𝓈 𝒸𝒶𝓃 𝒷𝑒 𝒻𝑜𝓊𝓃𝒹 𝒾𝓃 𝓉𝒽𝑒 𝒶𝓇𝒸𝒽𝒾𝓉𝑒𝒸𝓉𝓊𝓇𝑒 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒸𝓊𝒾𝓈𝒾𝓃𝑒. 𝐹𝓁𝑜𝓇𝒾𝒹𝒶 𝒽𝒶𝓈 𝒶𝓉𝓉𝓇𝒶𝒸𝓉𝑒𝒹 𝓂𝒶𝓃𝓎 𝓌𝓇𝒾𝓉𝑒𝓇𝓈 𝓈𝓊𝒸𝒽 𝒶𝓈 𝑀𝒶𝓇𝒿𝑜𝓇𝒾𝑒 𝒦𝒾𝓃𝓃𝒶𝓃 𝑅𝒶𝓌𝓁𝒾𝓃𝑔𝓈, 𝐸𝓇𝓃𝑒𝓈𝓉 𝐻𝑒𝓂𝒾𝓃𝑔𝓌𝒶𝓎 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒯𝑒𝓃𝓃𝑒𝓈𝓈𝑒𝑒 𝒲𝒾𝓁𝓁𝒾𝒶𝓂𝓈, 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒸𝑜𝓃𝓉𝒾𝓃𝓊𝑒𝓈 𝓉𝑜 𝒶𝓉𝓉𝓇𝒶𝒸𝓉 𝒸𝑒𝓁𝑒𝒷𝓇𝒾𝓉𝒾𝑒𝓈 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝒶𝓉𝒽𝓁𝑒𝓉𝑒𝓈. 𝐼𝓉 𝒾𝓈 𝒾𝓃𝓉𝑒𝓇𝓃𝒶𝓉𝒾𝑜𝓃𝒶𝓁𝓁𝓎 𝓀𝓃𝑜𝓌𝓃 𝒻𝑜𝓇 𝑔𝑜𝓁𝒻, 𝓉𝑒𝓃𝓃𝒾𝓈, 𝒶𝓊𝓉𝑜 𝓇𝒶𝒸𝒾𝓃𝑔 𝒶𝓃𝒹 𝓌𝒶𝓉𝑒𝓇 𝓈𝓅𝑜𝓇𝓉𝓈.
𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 /ˈ𝔣𝔩ɒ𝔯ɪ𝔡ə/ (𝔖𝔭𝔞𝔫𝔦𝔰𝔥 𝔣𝔬𝔯 "𝔩𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔬𝔣 𝔣𝔩𝔬𝔴𝔢𝔯𝔰") 𝔦𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔬𝔲𝔱𝔥𝔢𝔯𝔫𝔪𝔬𝔰𝔱 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔬𝔲𝔱𝔥𝔢𝔞𝔰𝔱𝔢𝔯𝔫 𝔯𝔢𝔤𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔘𝔫𝔦𝔱𝔢𝔡 𝔖𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔰. 𝔗𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔦𝔰 𝔟𝔬𝔯𝔡𝔢𝔯𝔢𝔡 𝔱𝔬 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔴𝔢𝔰𝔱 𝔟𝔶 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔊𝔲𝔩𝔣 𝔬𝔣 𝔐𝔢𝔵𝔦𝔠𝔬 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔄𝔩𝔞𝔟𝔞𝔪𝔞, 𝔱𝔬 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔫𝔬𝔯𝔱𝔥 𝔟𝔶 𝔄𝔩𝔞𝔟𝔞𝔪𝔞 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔊𝔢𝔬𝔯𝔤𝔦𝔞, 𝔱𝔬 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔢𝔞𝔰𝔱 𝔟𝔶 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔄𝔱𝔩𝔞𝔫𝔱𝔦𝔠 𝔒𝔠𝔢𝔞𝔫, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔱𝔬 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔬𝔲𝔱𝔥 𝔟𝔶 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔖𝔱𝔯𝔞𝔦𝔱𝔰 𝔬𝔣 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞. 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔦𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 22𝔫𝔡-𝔪𝔬𝔰𝔱 𝔢𝔵𝔱𝔢𝔫𝔰𝔦𝔳𝔢, 𝔱𝔥𝔢 3𝔯𝔡-𝔪𝔬𝔰𝔱 𝔭𝔬𝔭𝔲𝔩𝔬𝔲𝔰, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔱𝔥𝔢 8𝔱𝔥-𝔪𝔬𝔰𝔱 𝔡𝔢𝔫𝔰𝔢𝔩𝔶 𝔭𝔬𝔭𝔲𝔩𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔡 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔘.𝔖. 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔰. 𝔍𝔞𝔠𝔨𝔰𝔬𝔫𝔳𝔦𝔩𝔩𝔢 𝔦𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔪𝔬𝔰𝔱 𝔭𝔬𝔭𝔲𝔩𝔬𝔲𝔰 𝔪𝔲𝔫𝔦𝔠𝔦𝔭𝔞𝔩𝔦𝔱𝔶 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔩𝔞𝔯𝔤𝔢𝔰𝔱 𝔠𝔦𝔱𝔶 𝔟𝔶 𝔞𝔯𝔢𝔞 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔱𝔦𝔤𝔲𝔬𝔲𝔰 𝔘𝔫𝔦𝔱𝔢𝔡 𝔖𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔰 (𝔡𝔲𝔢 𝔱𝔬 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔰𝔬𝔩𝔦𝔡𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔬𝔣 𝔍𝔞𝔠𝔨𝔰𝔬𝔫𝔳𝔦𝔩𝔩𝔢 𝔴𝔦𝔱𝔥 𝔇𝔲𝔳𝔞𝔩 ℭ𝔬𝔲𝔫𝔱𝔶). 𝔗𝔥𝔢 𝔐𝔦𝔞𝔪𝔦 𝔪𝔢𝔱𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔬𝔩𝔦𝔱𝔞𝔫 𝔞𝔯𝔢𝔞 𝔦𝔰 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞'𝔰 𝔪𝔬𝔰𝔱 𝔭𝔬𝔭𝔲𝔩𝔬𝔲𝔰 𝔲𝔯𝔟𝔞𝔫 𝔞𝔯𝔢𝔞. 𝔗𝔞𝔩𝔩𝔞𝔥𝔞𝔰𝔰𝔢𝔢 𝔦𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢'𝔰 𝔠𝔞𝔭𝔦𝔱𝔞𝔩. 𝔄𝔟𝔬𝔲𝔱 𝔱𝔴𝔬-𝔱𝔥𝔦𝔯𝔡𝔰 𝔬𝔣 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔬𝔠𝔠𝔲𝔭𝔦𝔢𝔰 𝔞 𝔭𝔢𝔫𝔦𝔫𝔰𝔲𝔩𝔞 𝔟𝔢𝔱𝔴𝔢𝔢𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔊𝔲𝔩𝔣 𝔬𝔣 𝔐𝔢𝔵𝔦𝔠𝔬 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔄𝔱𝔩𝔞𝔫𝔱𝔦𝔠 𝔒𝔠𝔢𝔞𝔫. 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔥𝔞𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔩𝔬𝔫𝔤𝔢𝔰𝔱 𝔠𝔬𝔞𝔰𝔱𝔩𝔦𝔫𝔢 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔱𝔦𝔤𝔲𝔬𝔲𝔰 𝔘𝔫𝔦𝔱𝔢𝔡 𝔖𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔰, 𝔞𝔭𝔭𝔯𝔬𝔵𝔦𝔪𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔩𝔶 1,350 𝔪𝔦𝔩𝔢𝔰 (2,170 𝔨𝔪), 𝔫𝔬𝔱 𝔦𝔫𝔠𝔩𝔲𝔡𝔦𝔫𝔤 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔱𝔯𝔦𝔟𝔲𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔪𝔞𝔫𝔶 𝔟𝔞𝔯𝔯𝔦𝔢𝔯 𝔦𝔰𝔩𝔞𝔫𝔡𝔰. ℑ𝔱 𝔦𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔬𝔫𝔩𝔶 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔱𝔥𝔞𝔱 𝔟𝔬𝔯𝔡𝔢𝔯𝔰 𝔟𝔬𝔱𝔥 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔊𝔲𝔩𝔣 𝔬𝔣 𝔐𝔢𝔵𝔦𝔠𝔬 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔄𝔱𝔩𝔞𝔫𝔱𝔦𝔠 𝔒𝔠𝔢𝔞𝔫. 𝔐𝔲𝔠𝔥 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔦𝔰 𝔞𝔱 𝔬𝔯 𝔫𝔢𝔞𝔯 𝔰𝔢𝔞 𝔩𝔢𝔳𝔢𝔩 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔦𝔰 𝔠𝔥𝔞𝔯𝔞𝔠𝔱𝔢𝔯𝔦𝔷𝔢𝔡 𝔟𝔶 𝔰𝔢𝔡𝔦𝔪𝔢𝔫𝔱𝔞𝔯𝔶 𝔰𝔬𝔦𝔩. 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔥𝔞𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔩𝔬𝔴𝔢𝔰𝔱 𝔥𝔦𝔤𝔥 𝔭𝔬𝔦𝔫𝔱 𝔬𝔣 𝔞𝔫𝔶 𝔘.𝔖. 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢. 𝔗𝔥𝔢 𝔠𝔩𝔦𝔪𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔳𝔞𝔯𝔦𝔢𝔰 𝔣𝔯𝔬𝔪 𝔰𝔲𝔟𝔱𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔩 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔫𝔬𝔯𝔱𝔥 𝔱𝔬 𝔱𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔩 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔬𝔲𝔱𝔥. 𝔗𝔥𝔢 𝔄𝔪𝔢𝔯𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔫 𝔞𝔩𝔩𝔦𝔤𝔞𝔱𝔬𝔯, 𝔄𝔪𝔢𝔯𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔫 𝔠𝔯𝔬𝔠𝔬𝔡𝔦𝔩𝔢, 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔭𝔞𝔫𝔱𝔥𝔢𝔯, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔪𝔞𝔫𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔢 𝔠𝔞𝔫 𝔟𝔢 𝔣𝔬𝔲𝔫𝔡 𝔦𝔫 𝔈𝔳𝔢𝔯𝔤𝔩𝔞𝔡𝔢𝔰 𝔑𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫𝔞𝔩 𝔓𝔞𝔯𝔨 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔬𝔲𝔱𝔥𝔢𝔯𝔫 𝔭𝔞𝔯𝔱 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢. 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔦𝔰 𝔬𝔫𝔢 𝔬𝔣 𝔬𝔫𝔩𝔶 𝔱𝔴𝔬 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔞𝔱 𝔥𝔞𝔰 𝔞 𝔱𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔩 𝔠𝔩𝔦𝔪𝔞𝔱𝔢, 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔬𝔱𝔥𝔢𝔯 𝔬𝔫𝔢 𝔦𝔰 ℌ𝔞𝔴𝔞𝔦𝔦 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔦𝔰 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔬𝔫𝔩𝔶 𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔱𝔦𝔫𝔢𝔫𝔱𝔞𝔩 𝔘.𝔖. 𝔖𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔴𝔦𝔱𝔥 𝔞 𝔱𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔩 𝔠𝔩𝔦𝔪𝔞𝔱𝔢. 𝔖𝔦𝔫𝔠𝔢 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔣𝔦𝔯𝔰𝔱 𝔈𝔲𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔢𝔞𝔫 𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔱𝔞𝔠𝔱 𝔴𝔞𝔰 𝔪𝔞𝔡𝔢 𝔦𝔫 1513 𝔟𝔶 𝔖𝔭𝔞𝔫𝔦𝔰𝔥 𝔢𝔵𝔭𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔢𝔯 𝔍𝔲𝔞𝔫 𝔓𝔬𝔫𝔠𝔢 𝔡𝔢 𝔏𝔢ó𝔫 – 𝔴𝔥𝔬 𝔫𝔞𝔪𝔢𝔡 𝔦𝔱 𝔏𝔞 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 ([𝔩𝔞 𝔣𝔩𝔬ˈɾ𝔦ð𝔞] "𝔩𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔬𝔣 𝔣𝔩𝔬𝔴𝔢𝔯𝔰") 𝔲𝔭𝔬𝔫 𝔩𝔞𝔫𝔡𝔦𝔫𝔤 𝔱𝔥𝔢𝔯𝔢 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔈𝔞𝔰𝔱𝔢𝔯 𝔰𝔢𝔞𝔰𝔬𝔫, 𝔓𝔞𝔰𝔠𝔲𝔞 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞– 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔴𝔞𝔰 𝔞 𝔠𝔥𝔞𝔩𝔩𝔢𝔫𝔤𝔢 𝔣𝔬𝔯 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔈𝔲𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔢𝔞𝔫 𝔠𝔬𝔩𝔬𝔫𝔦𝔞𝔩 𝔭𝔬𝔴𝔢𝔯𝔰 𝔟𝔢𝔣𝔬𝔯𝔢 𝔦𝔱 𝔤𝔞𝔦𝔫𝔢𝔡 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔥𝔬𝔬𝔡 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔘𝔫𝔦𝔱𝔢𝔡 𝔖𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔰 𝔦𝔫 1845. ℑ𝔱 𝔴𝔞𝔰 𝔞 𝔭𝔯𝔦𝔫𝔠𝔦𝔭𝔞𝔩 𝔩𝔬𝔠𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔖𝔢𝔪𝔦𝔫𝔬𝔩𝔢 𝔚𝔞𝔯𝔰 𝔞𝔤𝔞𝔦𝔫𝔰𝔱 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔑𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔳𝔢 𝔄𝔪𝔢𝔯𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔫𝔰, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔯𝔞𝔠𝔦𝔞𝔩 𝔰𝔢𝔤𝔯𝔢𝔤𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔞𝔣𝔱𝔢𝔯 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔄𝔪𝔢𝔯𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔫 ℭ𝔦𝔳𝔦𝔩 𝔚𝔞𝔯. 𝔗𝔬𝔡𝔞𝔶, 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔦𝔰 𝔡𝔦𝔰𝔱𝔦𝔫𝔠𝔱𝔦𝔳𝔢 𝔣𝔬𝔯 𝔦𝔱𝔰 𝔩𝔞𝔯𝔤𝔢 ℭ𝔲𝔟𝔞𝔫 𝔢𝔵𝔭𝔞𝔱𝔯𝔦𝔞𝔱𝔢 𝔠𝔬𝔪𝔪𝔲𝔫𝔦𝔱𝔶 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔥𝔦𝔤𝔥 𝔭𝔬𝔭𝔲𝔩𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔤𝔯𝔬𝔴𝔱𝔥, 𝔞𝔰 𝔴𝔢𝔩𝔩 𝔞𝔰 𝔣𝔬𝔯 𝔦𝔱𝔰 𝔦𝔫𝔠𝔯𝔢𝔞𝔰𝔦𝔫𝔤 𝔢𝔫𝔳𝔦𝔯𝔬𝔫𝔪𝔢𝔫𝔱𝔞𝔩 𝔦𝔰𝔰𝔲𝔢𝔰. 𝔗𝔥𝔢 𝔰𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔢'𝔰 𝔢𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔬𝔪𝔶 𝔯𝔢𝔩𝔦𝔢𝔰 𝔪𝔞𝔦𝔫𝔩𝔶 𝔬𝔫 𝔱𝔬𝔲𝔯𝔦𝔰𝔪, 𝔞𝔤𝔯𝔦𝔠𝔲𝔩𝔱𝔲𝔯𝔢, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔱𝔯𝔞𝔫𝔰𝔭𝔬𝔯𝔱𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫, 𝔴𝔥𝔦𝔠𝔥 𝔡𝔢𝔳𝔢𝔩𝔬𝔭𝔢𝔡 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔩𝔞𝔱𝔢 19𝔱𝔥 𝔠𝔢𝔫𝔱𝔲𝔯𝔶. 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔦𝔰 𝔞𝔩𝔰𝔬 𝔯𝔢𝔫𝔬𝔴𝔫𝔢𝔡 𝔣𝔬𝔯 𝔞𝔪𝔲𝔰𝔢𝔪𝔢𝔫𝔱 𝔭𝔞𝔯𝔨𝔰, 𝔬𝔯𝔞𝔫𝔤𝔢 𝔠𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔰, 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔎𝔢𝔫𝔫𝔢𝔡𝔶 𝔖𝔭𝔞𝔠𝔢 ℭ𝔢𝔫𝔱𝔢𝔯, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔞𝔰 𝔞 𝔭𝔬𝔭𝔲𝔩𝔞𝔯 𝔡𝔢𝔰𝔱𝔦𝔫𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔣𝔬𝔯 𝔯𝔢𝔱𝔦𝔯𝔢𝔢𝔰. 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔠𝔲𝔩𝔱𝔲𝔯𝔢 𝔦𝔰 𝔞 𝔯𝔢𝔣𝔩𝔢𝔠𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫 𝔬𝔣 𝔦𝔫𝔣𝔩𝔲𝔢𝔫𝔠𝔢𝔰 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔪𝔲𝔩𝔱𝔦𝔭𝔩𝔢 𝔦𝔫𝔥𝔢𝔯𝔦𝔱𝔞𝔫𝔠𝔢; 𝔄𝔣𝔯𝔦𝔠𝔞𝔫, 𝔈𝔲𝔯𝔬𝔭𝔢𝔞𝔫, 𝔦𝔫𝔡𝔦𝔤𝔢𝔫𝔬𝔲𝔰, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔏𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔫𝔬 𝔥𝔢𝔯𝔦𝔱𝔞𝔤𝔢𝔰 𝔠𝔞𝔫 𝔟𝔢 𝔣𝔬𝔲𝔫𝔡 𝔦𝔫 𝔱𝔥𝔢 𝔞𝔯𝔠𝔥𝔦𝔱𝔢𝔠𝔱𝔲𝔯𝔢 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔠𝔲𝔦𝔰𝔦𝔫𝔢. 𝔉𝔩𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔡𝔞 𝔥𝔞𝔰 𝔞𝔱𝔱𝔯𝔞𝔠𝔱𝔢𝔡 𝔪𝔞𝔫𝔶 𝔴𝔯𝔦𝔱𝔢𝔯𝔰 𝔰𝔲𝔠𝔥 𝔞𝔰 𝔐𝔞𝔯𝔧𝔬𝔯𝔦𝔢 𝔎𝔦𝔫𝔫𝔞𝔫 ℜ𝔞𝔴𝔩𝔦𝔫𝔤𝔰, 𝔈𝔯𝔫𝔢𝔰𝔱 ℌ𝔢𝔪𝔦𝔫𝔤𝔴𝔞𝔶 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔗𝔢𝔫𝔫𝔢𝔰𝔰𝔢𝔢 𝔚𝔦𝔩𝔩𝔦𝔞𝔪𝔰, 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔠𝔬𝔫𝔱𝔦𝔫𝔲𝔢𝔰 𝔱𝔬 𝔞𝔱𝔱𝔯𝔞𝔠𝔱 𝔠𝔢𝔩𝔢𝔟𝔯𝔦𝔱𝔦𝔢𝔰 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔞𝔱𝔥𝔩𝔢𝔱𝔢𝔰. ℑ𝔱 𝔦𝔰 𝔦𝔫𝔱𝔢𝔯𝔫𝔞𝔱𝔦𝔬𝔫𝔞𝔩𝔩𝔶 𝔨𝔫𝔬𝔴𝔫 𝔣𝔬𝔯 𝔤𝔬𝔩𝔣, 𝔱𝔢𝔫𝔫𝔦𝔰, 𝔞𝔲𝔱𝔬 𝔯𝔞𝔠𝔦𝔫𝔤 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔴𝔞𝔱𝔢𝔯 𝔰𝔭𝔬𝔯𝔱𝔰.
Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ cᵤₗₜᵤᵣₑ ᵢₛ ₐ ᵣₑfₗₑcₜᵢₒₙ ₒf ᵢₙfₗᵤₑₙcₑₛ ₐₙd ₘᵤₗₜᵢₚₗₑ ᵢₙₕₑᵣᵢₜₐₙcₑ; ₐfᵣᵢcₐₙ, ₑᵤᵣₒₚₑₐₙ, ᵢₙdᵢgₑₙₒᵤₛ, ₐₙd ₗₐₜᵢₙₒ ₕₑᵣᵢₜₐgₑₛ cₐₙ bₑ fₒᵤₙd ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₐᵣcₕᵢₜₑcₜᵤᵣₑ ₐₙd cᵤᵢₛᵢₙₑ. Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ₕₐₛ ₐₜₜᵣₐcₜₑd ₘₐₙy wᵣᵢₜₑᵣₛ ₛᵤcₕ ₐₛ ₘₐᵣⱼₒᵣᵢₑ ₖᵢₙₙₐₙ ᵣₐwₗᵢₙgₛ, ₑᵣₙₑₛₜ ₕₑₘᵢₙgwₐy ₐₙd ₜₑₙₙₑₛₛₑₑ Wᵢₗₗᵢₐₘₛ, ₐₙd cₒₙₜᵢₙᵤₑₛ ₜₒ ₐₜₜᵣₐcₜ cₑₗₑbᵣᵢₜᵢₑₛ ₐₙd ₐₜₕₗₑₜₑₛ. ᵢₜ ᵢₛ ᵢₙₜₑᵣₙₐₜᵢₒₙₐₗₗy ₖₙₒwₙ fₒᵣ gₒₗf, ₜₑₙₙᵢₛ, ₐᵤₜₒ ᵣₐcᵢₙg ₐₙd wₐₜₑᵣ ₛₚₒᵣₜₛ.
ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ʷᵃˢ ᵗʰᵉ ᶠⁱʳˢᵗ ʳᵉᵍⁱᵒⁿ ᵒᶠ ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵒⁿᵗⁱⁿᵉⁿᵗᵃˡ ᵁⁿⁱᵗᵉᵈ ˢᵗᵃᵗᵉˢ ᵗᵒ ᵇᵉ ᵛⁱˢⁱᵗᵉᵈ ᵃⁿᵈ ˢᵉᵗᵗˡᵉᵈ ᵇʸ ᴱᵘʳᵒᵖᵉᵃⁿˢ. ᵀʰᵉ ᵉᵃʳˡⁱᵉˢᵗ ᵏⁿᵒʷⁿ ᴱᵘʳᵒᵖᵉᵃⁿ ᵉˣᵖˡᵒʳᵉʳˢ ᶜᵃᵐᵉ ʷⁱᵗʰ ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵖᵃⁿⁱˢʰ ᶜᵒⁿqᵘⁱˢᵗᵃᵈᵒʳ ᴶᵘᵃⁿ ᴾᵒⁿᶜᵉ ᵈᵉ ᴸᵉóⁿ. ᴾᵒⁿᶜᵉ ᵈᵉ ᴸᵉóⁿ ˢᵖᵒᵗᵗᵉᵈ ᵃⁿᵈ ˡᵃⁿᵈᵉᵈ ᵒⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᵖᵉⁿⁱⁿˢᵘˡᵃ ᵒⁿ ᴬᵖʳⁱˡ ², ¹⁵¹³. ᴴᵉ ⁿᵃᵐᵉᵈ ᵗʰᵉ ʳᵉᵍⁱᵒⁿ ᴸᵃ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ⁽"ˡᵃⁿᵈ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʷᵉʳˢ"⁾. ᵀʰᵉ ˢᵗᵒʳʸ ᵗʰᵃᵗ ʰᵉ ʷᵃˢ ˢᵉᵃʳᶜʰⁱⁿᵍ ᶠᵒʳ ᵗʰᵉ ᶠᵒᵘⁿᵗᵃⁱⁿ ᵒᶠ ʸᵒᵘᵗʰ ⁱˢ ᵐʸᵗʰⁱᶜᵃˡ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵒⁿˡʸ ᵃᵖᵖᵉᵃʳᵉᵈ ˡᵒⁿᵍ ᵃᶠᵗᵉʳ ʰⁱˢ ᵈᵉᵃᵗʰ. ᴵⁿ ᴹᵃʸ ¹⁵³⁹, ᶜᵒⁿqᵘⁱˢᵗᵃᵈᵒʳ ᴴᵉʳⁿᵃⁿᵈᵒ ᵈᵉ ˢᵒᵗᵒ ˢᵏⁱʳᵗᵉᵈ ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵒᵃˢᵗ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ, ˢᵉᵃʳᶜʰⁱⁿᵍ ᶠᵒʳ ᵃ ᵈᵉᵉᵖ ʰᵃʳᵇᵒʳ ᵗᵒ ˡᵃⁿᵈ. ᴴᵉ ᵈᵉˢᶜʳⁱᵇᵉᵈ ˢᵉᵉⁱⁿᵍ ᵃ ᵗʰⁱᶜᵏ ʷᵃˡˡ ᵒᶠ ʳᵉᵈ ᵐᵃⁿᵍʳᵒᵛᵉˢ ˢᵖʳᵉᵃᵈ ᵐⁱˡᵉ ᵃᶠᵗᵉʳ ᵐⁱˡᵉ, ˢᵒᵐᵉ ʳᵉᵃᶜʰⁱⁿᵍ ᵃˢ ʰⁱᵍʰ ᵃˢ ⁷⁰ ᶠᵉᵉᵗ ⁽²¹ ᵐ⁾, ʷⁱᵗʰ ⁱⁿᵗᵉʳᵗʷⁱⁿᵉᵈ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵉˡᵉᵛᵃᵗᵉᵈ ʳᵒᵒᵗˢ ᵐᵃᵏⁱⁿᵍ ˡᵃⁿᵈⁱⁿᵍ ᵈⁱᶠᶠⁱᶜᵘˡᵗ. ᵀʰᵉ ˢᵖᵃⁿⁱˢʰ ⁱⁿᵗʳᵒᵈᵘᶜᵉᵈ ᶜʰʳⁱˢᵗⁱᵃⁿⁱᵗʸ, ᶜᵃᵗᵗˡᵉ, ʰᵒʳˢᵉˢ, ˢʰᵉᵉᵖ, ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵃˢᵗⁱˡⁱᵃⁿ ˡᵃⁿᵍᵘᵃᵍᵉ, ᵃⁿᵈ ᵐᵒʳᵉ ᵗᵒ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ. ˢᵖᵃⁱⁿ ᵉˢᵗᵃᵇˡⁱˢʰᵉᵈ ˢᵉᵛᵉʳᵃˡ ˢᵉᵗᵗˡᵉᵐᵉⁿᵗˢ ⁱⁿ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ, ʷⁱᵗʰ ᵛᵃʳʸⁱⁿᵍ ᵈᵉᵍʳᵉᵉˢ ᵒᶠ ˢᵘᶜᶜᵉˢˢ. ᴵⁿ ¹⁵⁵⁹, ᴰᵒⁿ ᵀʳⁱˢᵗáⁿ ᵈᵉ ᴸᵘⁿᵃ ʸ ᴬʳᵉˡˡᵃⁿᵒ ᵉˢᵗᵃᵇˡⁱˢʰᵉᵈ ᵃ ˢᵉᵗᵗˡᵉᵐᵉⁿᵗ ᵃᵗ ᵖʳᵉˢᵉⁿᵗ⁻ᵈᵃʸ ᴾᵉⁿˢᵃᶜᵒˡᵃ, ᵐᵃᵏⁱⁿᵍ ⁱᵗ ᵗʰᵉ ᶠⁱʳˢᵗ ᵃᵗᵗᵉᵐᵖᵗᵉᵈ ˢᵉᵗᵗˡᵉᵐᵉⁿᵗ ⁱⁿ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ, ᵇᵘᵗ ⁱᵗ ʷᵃˢ ᵐᵒˢᵗˡʸ ᵃᵇᵃⁿᵈᵒⁿᵉᵈ ᵇʸ ¹⁵⁶¹. ᴵⁿ ¹⁵⁶⁵, ᵗʰᵉ ˢᵉᵗᵗˡᵉᵐᵉⁿᵗ ᵒᶠ ˢᵗ. ᴬᵘᵍᵘˢᵗⁱⁿᵉ ⁽ˢᵃⁿ ᴬᵍᵘˢᵗíⁿ⁾ ʷᵃˢ ᵉˢᵗᵃᵇˡⁱˢʰᵉᵈ ᵘⁿᵈᵉʳ ᵗʰᵉ ˡᵉᵃᵈᵉʳˢʰⁱᵖ ᵒᶠ ᵃᵈᵐⁱʳᵃˡ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵍᵒᵛᵉʳⁿᵒʳ ᴾᵉᵈʳᵒ ᴹᵉⁿéⁿᵈᵉᶻ ᵈᵉ ᴬᵛⁱˡéˢ, ᶜʳᵉᵃᵗⁱⁿᵍ ʷʰᵃᵗ ʷᵒᵘˡᵈ ᵇᵉᶜᵒᵐᵉ ᵗʰᵉ ᵒˡᵈᵉˢᵗ ᴱᵘʳᵒᵖᵉᵃⁿ ˢᵉᵗᵗˡᵉᵐᵉⁿᵗ ⁱⁿ ᵗʰᵉ ᶜᵒⁿᵗⁱⁿᵉⁿᵗᵃˡ ᵁ.ˢ. ᵃⁿᵈ ᵉˢᵗᵃᵇˡⁱˢʰⁱⁿᵍ ᵗʰᵉ ᶠⁱʳˢᵗ ᵍᵉⁿᵉʳᵃᵗⁱᵒⁿ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃⁿᵒˢ ᵃⁿᵈ ᵗʰᵉ ᵍᵒᵛᵉʳⁿᵐᵉⁿᵗ ᵒᶠ ᶠˡᵒʳⁱᵈᵃ ˢᵖᵃⁱⁿ ᵐᵃⁱⁿᵗᵃⁱⁿᵉᵈ ᵗᵉⁿᵘᵒᵘˢ ᶜᵒⁿᵗʳᵒˡ ᵒᵛᵉʳ ᵗʰᵉ ʳᵉᵍⁱᵒⁿ ᵇʸ ᶜᵒⁿᵛᵉʳᵗⁱⁿᵍ ᵗʰᵉ ˡᵒᶜᵃˡ ᵗʳⁱᵇᵉˢ ᵗᵒ ᶜʰʳⁱˢᵗⁱᵃⁿⁱᵗʸ.
Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ wₐₛ ₜₕₑ fᵢᵣₛₜ ᵣₑgᵢₒₙ ₒf ₜₕₑ cₒₙₜᵢₙₑₙₜₐₗ ᵤₙᵢₜₑd ₛₜₐₜₑₛ ₜₒ bₑ ᵥᵢₛᵢₜₑd ₐₙd ₛₑₜₜₗₑd by ₑᵤᵣₒₚₑₐₙₛ. ₜₕₑ ₑₐᵣₗᵢₑₛₜ ₖₙₒwₙ ₑᵤᵣₒₚₑₐₙ ₑₓₚₗₒᵣₑᵣₛ cₐₘₑ wᵢₜₕ ₜₕₑ ₛₚₐₙᵢₛₕ cₒₙqᵤᵢₛₜₐdₒᵣ ⱼᵤₐₙ ₚₒₙcₑ dₑ ₗₑóₙ. ₚₒₙcₑ dₑ ₗₑóₙ ₛₚₒₜₜₑd ₐₙd ₗₐₙdₑd ₒₙ ₜₕₑ ₚₑₙᵢₙₛᵤₗₐ ₒₙ ₐₚᵣᵢₗ ₂, ₁₅₁₃. ₕₑ ₙₐₘₑd ₜₕₑ ᵣₑgᵢₒₙ ₗₐ Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ₍"ₗₐₙd ₒf fₗₒwₑᵣₛ"₎. ₜₕₑ ₛₜₒᵣy ₜₕₐₜ ₕₑ wₐₛ ₛₑₐᵣcₕᵢₙg fₒᵣ ₜₕₑ Fₒᵤₙₜₐᵢₙ ₒf Yₒᵤₜₕ ᵢₛ ₘyₜₕᵢcₐₗ ₐₙd ₒₙₗy ₐₚₚₑₐᵣₑd ₗₒₙg ₐfₜₑᵣ ₕᵢₛ dₑₐₜₕ. ᵢₙ ₘₐy ₁₅₃₉, Cₒₙqᵤᵢₛₜₐdₒᵣ ₕₑᵣₙₐₙdₒ dₑ ₛₒₜₒ ₛₖᵢᵣₜₑd ₜₕₑ cₒₐₛₜ ₒf Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ, ₛₑₐᵣcₕᵢₙg fₒᵣ ₐ dₑₑₚ ₕₐᵣbₒᵣ ₜₒ ₗₐₙd. ₕₑ dₑₛcᵣᵢbₑd ₛₑₑᵢₙg ₐ ₜₕᵢcₖ wₐₗₗ ₒf ᵣₑd ₘₐₙgᵣₒᵥₑₛ ₛₚᵣₑₐd ₘᵢₗₑ ₐfₜₑᵣ ₘᵢₗₑ, ₛₒₘₑ ᵣₑₐcₕᵢₙg ₐₛ ₕᵢgₕ ₐₛ ₇₀ fₑₑₜ ₍₂₁ ₘ₎, wᵢₜₕ ᵢₙₜₑᵣₜwᵢₙₑd ₐₙd ₑₗₑᵥₐₜₑd ᵣₒₒₜₛ ₘₐₖᵢₙg ₗₐₙdᵢₙg dᵢffᵢcᵤₗₜ ₜₕₑ ₛₚₐₙᵢₛₕ ᵢₙₜᵣₒdᵤcₑd Cₕᵣᵢₛₜᵢₐₙᵢₜy, cₐₜₜₗₑ, ₕₒᵣₛₑₛ, ₛₕₑₑₚ, ₜₕₑ Cₐₛₜᵢₗᵢₐₙ ₗₐₙgᵤₐgₑ, ₐₙd ₘₒᵣₑ ₜₒ Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ. ₛₚₐᵢₙ ₑₛₜₐbₗᵢₛₕₑd ₛₑᵥₑᵣₐₗ ₛₑₜₜₗₑₘₑₙₜₛ ᵢₙ Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ, wᵢₜₕ ᵥₐᵣyᵢₙg dₑgᵣₑₑₛ ₒf ₛᵤccₑₛₛ. ᵢₙ ₁₅₅₉, Dₒₙ ₜᵣᵢₛₜáₙ dₑ ₗᵤₙₐ y ₐᵣₑₗₗₐₙₒ ₑₛₜₐbₗᵢₛₕₑd ₐ ₛₑₜₜₗₑₘₑₙₜ ₐₜ ₚᵣₑₛₑₙₜ₋dₐy ₚₑₙₛₐcₒₗₐ, ₘₐₖᵢₙg ᵢₜ ₜₕₑ fᵢᵣₛₜ ₐₜₜₑₘₚₜₑd ₛₑₜₜₗₑₘₑₙₜ ᵢₙ Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ, bᵤₜ ᵢₜ wₐₛ ₘₒₛₜₗy ₐbₐₙdₒₙₑd by ₁₅₆₁. ᵢₙ ₁₅₆₅, ₜₕₑ ₛₑₜₜₗₑₘₑₙₜ ₒf ₛₜ. ₐᵤgᵤₛₜᵢₙₑ ₍ₛₐₙ ₐgᵤₛₜíₙ₎ wₐₛ ₑₛₜₐbₗᵢₛₕₑd ᵤₙdₑᵣ ₜₕₑ ₗₑₐdₑᵣₛₕᵢₚ ₒf ₐdₘᵢᵣₐₗ ₐₙd gₒᵥₑᵣₙₒᵣ ₚₑdᵣₒ ₘₑₙéₙdₑz dₑ ₐᵥᵢₗéₛ, cᵣₑₐₜᵢₙg wₕₐₜ wₒᵤₗd bₑcₒₘₑ ₜₕₑ ₒₗdₑₛₜ ₑᵤᵣₒₚₑₐₙ ₛₑₜₜₗₑₘₑₙₜ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ cₒₙₜᵢₙₑₙₜₐₗ ᵤ.ₛ. ₐₙd ₑₛₜₐbₗᵢₛₕᵢₙg ₜₕₑ fᵢᵣₛₜ gₑₙₑᵣₐₜᵢₒₙ ₒf Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐₙₒₛ ₐₙd ₜₕₑ gₒᵥₑᵣₙₘₑₙₜ ₒf Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ. ₛₚₐᵢₙ ₘₐᵢₙₜₐᵢₙₑd ₜₑₙᵤₒᵤₛ cₒₙₜᵣₒₗ ₒᵥₑᵣ ₜₕₑ ᵣₑgᵢₒₙ by cₒₙᵥₑᵣₜᵢₙg ₜₕₑ ₗₒcₐₗ ₜᵣᵢbₑₛ ₜₒ Cₕᵣᵢₛₜᵢₐₙᵢₜy.
˙ʎʇıuɐıʇsıɹɥƆ oʇ sǝqıɹʇ lɐɔol ǝɥʇ ɓuıʇɹǝʌuoɔ ʎq uoıɓǝɹ ǝɥʇ ɹǝʌo loɹʇuoɔ snonuǝʇ pǝuıɐʇuıɐɯ uıɐdS [9⇂]˙ɐpıɹolℲ ɟo ʇuǝɯuɹǝʌoɓ ǝɥʇ puɐ souɐpıɹolℲ ɟo uoıʇɐɹǝuǝɓ ʇsɹıɟ ǝɥʇ ɓuıɥsılqɐʇsǝ puɐ ˙S˙∩ lɐʇuǝuıʇuoɔ ǝɥʇ uı ʇuǝɯǝlʇʇǝs uɐǝdoɹnƎ ʇsǝplo ǝɥʇ ǝɯoɔǝq plnoʍ ʇɐɥʍ ɓuıʇɐǝɹɔ 'sǝ̗lıʌ∀ ǝp zǝpuǝ̗uǝW oɹpǝԀ ɹouɹǝʌoɓ puɐ lɐɹıɯpɐ ɟo dıɥsɹǝpɐǝl ǝɥʇ ɹǝpun pǝɥsılqɐʇsǝ sɐʍ (uíʇsnɓ∀ uɐS) ǝuıʇsnɓn∀ ˙ʇS ɟo ʇuǝɯǝlʇʇǝs ǝɥʇ 'ގ9ގ⇂ uI ˙⇂9ގ⇂ ʎq pǝuopuɐqɐ ʎlʇsoɯ sɐʍ ʇı ʇnq 'ɐpıɹolℲ uı ʇuǝɯǝlʇʇǝs pǝʇdɯǝʇʇɐ ʇsɹıɟ ǝɥʇ ʇı ɓuıʞɐɯ 'ɐloɔɐsuǝԀ ʎɐp-ʇuǝsǝɹd ʇɐ ʇuǝɯǝlʇʇǝs ɐ pǝɥsılqɐʇsǝ ouɐllǝɹ∀ ʎ ɐun˥ ǝp uɐ̗ʇsıɹ⊥ uoᗡ '6ގގ⇂ uI ˙ssǝɔɔns ɟo sǝǝɹɓǝp ɓuıʎɹɐʌ ɥʇıʍ 'ɐpıɹolℲ uı sʇuǝɯǝlʇʇǝs lɐɹǝʌǝs pǝɥsılqɐʇsǝ uıɐdS [pǝpǝǝu uoıʇɐʇıɔ llnɟ][ގ⇂]˙ɐpıɹolℲ oʇ ǝɹoɯ puɐ 'ǝɓɐnɓuɐl uɐılıʇsɐƆ ǝɥʇ 'dǝǝɥs 'sǝsɹoɥ 'ǝlʇʇɐɔ 'ʎʇıuɐıʇsıɹɥƆ pǝɔnpoɹʇuı ɥsıuɐdS ǝɥ⊥ [ㄣ⇂]˙ʇlnɔıɟɟıp ɓuıpuɐl ɓuıʞɐɯ sʇooɹ pǝʇɐʌǝlǝ puɐ pǝuıʍʇɹǝʇuı ɥʇıʍ '(ɯ ⇂ᄅ) ʇǝǝɟ 0ㄥ sɐ ɥɓıɥ sɐ ɓuıɥɔɐǝɹ ǝɯos 'ǝlıɯ ɹǝʇɟɐ ǝlıɯ pɐǝɹds sǝʌoɹɓuɐɯ pǝɹ ɟo llɐʍ ʞɔıɥʇ ɐ ɓuıǝǝs pǝqıɹɔsǝp ǝH ˙puɐl oʇ ɹoqɹɐɥ dǝǝp ɐ ɹoɟ ɓuıɥɔɹɐǝs 'ɐpıɹolℲ ɟo ʇsɐoɔ ǝɥʇ pǝʇɹıʞs oʇoS ǝp opuɐuɹǝH ɹopɐʇsınbuoƆ '6Ɛގ⇂ ʎɐW uI [Ɛ⇂]˙ɥʇɐǝp sıɥ ɹǝʇɟɐ ɓuol pǝɹɐǝddɐ ʎluo puɐ lɐɔıɥʇʎɯ sı ɥʇno⅄ ɟo uıɐʇunoℲ ǝɥʇ ɹoɟ ɓuıɥɔɹɐǝs sɐʍ ǝɥ ʇɐɥʇ ʎɹoʇs ǝɥ⊥ [ᄅ⇂]˙(„sɹǝʍolɟ ɟo puɐl„) ɐpıɹolℲ ɐ˥ uoıɓǝɹ ǝɥʇ pǝɯɐu ǝH ˙Ɛ⇂ގ⇂ 'ᄅ lıɹd∀ uo ɐlnsuıuǝd ǝɥʇ uo pǝpuɐl puɐ pǝʇʇods uo̗ǝ˥ ǝp ǝɔuoԀ ˙uo̗ǝ˥ ǝp ǝɔuoԀ uɐnſ ɹopɐʇsınbuoɔ ɥsıuɐdS ǝɥʇ ɥʇıʍ ǝɯɐɔ sɹǝɹoldxǝ uɐǝdoɹnƎ uʍouʞ ʇsǝılɹɐǝ ǝɥ⊥ ˙suɐǝdoɹnƎ ʎq pǝlʇʇǝs puɐ pǝʇısıʌ ǝq oʇ sǝʇɐʇS pǝʇıu∩ lɐʇuǝuıʇuoɔ ǝɥʇ ɟo uoıɓǝɹ ʇsɹıɟ ǝɥʇ sɐʍ ɐpıɹolℲ
ʜƚɒɘb ꙅiʜ ɿɘƚᎸɒ ǫᴎo| bɘɿɒɘqqɒ ʏ|ᴎo bᴎɒ |ɒɔiʜƚʏm ꙅi ʜƚuoY Ꮈo ᴎiɒƚᴎuoꟻ ɘʜƚ ɿoᎸ ǫᴎiʜɔɿɒɘꙅ ꙅɒw ɘʜ ƚɒʜƚ ʏɿoƚꙅ ɘʜT [].("ꙅɿɘwo|Ꮈ Ꮈo bᴎɒ|") ɒbiɿo|ꟻ ɒ⅃ ᴎoiǫɘɿ ɘʜƚ bɘmɒᴎ ɘH . , |iɿqA ᴎo ɒ|uꙅᴎiᴎɘq ɘʜƚ ᴎo bɘbᴎɒ| bᴎɒ bɘƚƚoqꙅ ᴎòɘ⅃ ɘb ɘɔᴎoꟼ .ᴎòɘ⅃ ɘb ɘɔᴎoꟼ ᴎɒuႱ ɿobɒƚꙅiupᴎoɔ ʜꙅiᴎɒqꙄ ɘʜƚ ʜƚiw ɘmɒɔ ꙅɿɘɿo|qxɘ ᴎɒɘqoɿuƎ ᴎwoᴎʞ ƚꙅɘi|ɿɒɘ ɘʜT .ꙅᴎɒɘqoɿuƎ ʏd bɘ|ƚƚɘꙅ bᴎɒ bɘƚiꙅiv ɘd oƚ ꙅɘƚɒƚꙄ bɘƚiᴎU |ɒƚᴎɘᴎiƚᴎoɔ ɘʜƚ Ꮈo ᴎoiǫɘɿ ƚꙅɿiᎸ ɘʜƚ ꙅɒw ɒbiɿo|ꟻ . ʏd bɘᴎobᴎɒdɒ ʏ|ƚꙅom ꙅɒw ƚi ƚud ,ɒbiɿo|ꟻ ᴎi ƚᴎɘmɘ|ƚƚɘꙅ bɘƚqmɘƚƚɒ ƚꙅɿiᎸ ɘʜƚ ƚi ǫᴎiʞɒm ,ɒ|oɔɒꙅᴎɘꟼ ʏɒb-ƚᴎɘꙅɘɿq ƚɒ ƚᴎɘmɘ|ƚƚɘꙅ ɒ bɘʜꙅi|dɒƚꙅɘ oᴎɒ||ɘɿA ʏ ɒᴎu⅃ ɘb ᴎɒ̀ƚꙅiɿT ᴎoᗡ ,9 ᴎI .ꙅꙅɘɔɔuꙅ Ꮈo ꙅɘɘɿǫɘb ǫᴎiʏɿɒv ʜƚiw ,ɒbiɿo|ꟻ ᴎi ꙅƚᴎɘmɘ|ƚƚɘꙅ |ɒɿɘvɘꙅ bɘʜꙅi|dɒƚꙅɘ ᴎiɒqꙄ [bɘbɘɘᴎ ᴎoiƚɒƚiɔ ||uᎸ][].ɒbiɿo|ꟻ oƚ ɘɿom bᴎɒ ,ɘǫɒuǫᴎɒ| ᴎɒi|iƚꙅɒƆ ɘʜƚ ,qɘɘʜꙅ ,ꙅɘꙅɿoʜ ,ɘ|ƚƚɒɔ ,ʏƚiᴎɒiƚꙅiɿʜƆ bɘɔuboɿƚᴎi ʜꙅiᴎɒqꙄ ɘʜT [].ƚ|uɔiᎸᎸib ǫᴎibᴎɒ| ǫᴎiʞɒm ꙅƚooɿ bɘƚɒvɘ|ɘ bᴎɒ bɘᴎiwƚɿɘƚᴎi ʜƚiw ,(m ) ƚɘɘᎸ 0 ꙅɒ ʜǫiʜ ꙅɒ ǫᴎiʜɔɒɘɿ ɘmoꙅ ,ɘ|im ɿɘƚᎸɒ ɘ|im bɒɘɿqꙅ ꙅɘvoɿǫᴎɒm bɘɿ Ꮈo ||ɒw ʞɔiʜƚ ɒ ǫᴎiɘɘꙅ bɘdiɿɔꙅɘb ɘH .bᴎɒ| oƚ ɿodɿɒʜ qɘɘb ɒ ɿoᎸ ǫᴎiʜɔɿɒɘꙅ ,ɒbiɿo|ꟻ Ꮈo ƚꙅɒoɔ ɘʜƚ bɘƚɿiʞꙅ oƚoꙄ ɘb obᴎɒᴎɿɘH ɿobɒƚꙅiupᴎoƆ ,9 ʏɒM ᴎI .ʏƚiᴎɒiƚꙅiɿʜƆ oƚ ꙅɘdiɿƚ |ɒɔo| ɘʜƚ ǫᴎiƚɿɘvᴎoɔ ʏd ᴎoiǫɘɿ ɘʜƚ ɿɘvo |oɿƚᴎoɔ ꙅuouᴎɘƚ bɘᴎiɒƚᴎiɒm ᴎiɒqꙄ [].ɒbiɿo|ꟻ Ꮈo ƚᴎɘmᴎɿɘvoǫ ɘʜƚ bᴎɒ ꙅoᴎɒbiɿo|ꟻ Ꮈo ᴎoiƚɒɿɘᴎɘǫ ƚꙅɿiᎸ ɘʜƚ ǫᴎiʜꙅi|dɒƚꙅɘ bᴎɒ .Ꙅ.U |ɒƚᴎɘᴎiƚᴎoɔ ɘʜƚ ᴎi ƚᴎɘmɘ|ƚƚɘꙅ ᴎɒɘqoɿuƎ ƚꙅɘb|o ɘʜƚ ɘmoɔɘd b|uow ƚɒʜw ǫᴎiƚɒɘɿɔ ,ꙅɘ̀|ivA ɘb ƹɘbᴎɘ̀ᴎɘM oɿbɘꟼ ɿoᴎɿɘvoǫ bᴎɒ |ɒɿimbɒ Ꮈo qiʜꙅɿɘbɒɘ| ɘʜƚ ɿɘbᴎu bɘʜꙅi|dɒƚꙅɘ ꙅɒw (ᴎíƚꙅuǫA ᴎɒꙄ) ɘᴎiƚꙅuǫuA .ƚꙄ Ꮈo ƚᴎɘmɘ|ƚƚɘꙅ ɘʜƚ , ᴎI
𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 /ˈ𝕗𝕝ɒ𝕣ɪ𝕕ə/ (𝕊𝕡𝕒𝕟𝕚𝕤𝕙 𝕗𝕠𝕣 "𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕠𝕗 𝕗𝕝𝕠𝕨𝕖𝕣𝕤") 𝕚𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕠𝕦𝕥𝕙𝕖𝕣𝕟𝕞𝕠𝕤𝕥 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕠𝕦𝕥𝕙𝕖𝕒𝕤𝕥𝕖𝕣𝕟 𝕣𝕖𝕘𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕌𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕊𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕤. 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕚𝕤 𝕓𝕠𝕣𝕕𝕖𝕣𝕖𝕕 𝕥𝕠 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕨𝕖𝕤𝕥 𝕓𝕪 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔾𝕦𝕝𝕗 𝕠𝕗 𝕄𝕖𝕩𝕚𝕔𝕠 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝔸𝕝𝕒𝕓𝕒𝕞𝕒, 𝕥𝕠 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕟𝕠𝕣𝕥𝕙 𝕓𝕪 𝔸𝕝𝕒𝕓𝕒𝕞𝕒 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝔾𝕖𝕠𝕣𝕘𝕚𝕒, 𝕥𝕠 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕖𝕒𝕤𝕥 𝕓𝕪 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔸𝕥𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕔 𝕆𝕔𝕖𝕒𝕟, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕥𝕠 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕠𝕦𝕥𝕙 𝕓𝕪 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕊𝕥𝕣𝕒𝕚𝕥𝕤 𝕠𝕗 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒. 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕚𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝟚𝟚𝕟𝕕-𝕞𝕠𝕤𝕥 𝕖𝕩𝕥𝕖𝕟𝕤𝕚𝕧𝕖, 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝟛𝕣𝕕-𝕞𝕠𝕤𝕥 𝕡𝕠𝕡𝕦𝕝𝕠𝕦𝕤 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝟠𝕥𝕙-𝕞𝕠𝕤𝕥 𝕕𝕖𝕟𝕤𝕖𝕝𝕪 𝕡𝕠𝕡𝕦𝕝𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕠𝕗 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕌.𝕊. 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕤. 𝕁𝕒𝕔𝕜𝕤𝕠𝕟𝕧𝕚𝕝𝕝𝕖 𝕚𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕞𝕠𝕤𝕥 𝕡𝕠𝕡𝕦𝕝𝕠𝕦𝕤 𝕞𝕦𝕟𝕚𝕔𝕚𝕡𝕒𝕝𝕚𝕥𝕪 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕝𝕒𝕣𝕘𝕖𝕤𝕥 𝕔𝕚𝕥𝕪 𝕓𝕪 𝕒𝕣𝕖𝕒 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕘𝕦𝕠𝕦𝕤 𝕌𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕊𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕤 (𝕕𝕦𝕖 𝕥𝕠 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕤𝕠𝕝𝕚𝕕𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝕁𝕒𝕔𝕜𝕤𝕠𝕟𝕧𝕚𝕝𝕝𝕖 𝕨𝕚𝕥𝕙 𝔻𝕦𝕧𝕒𝕝 ℂ𝕠𝕦𝕟𝕥𝕪). 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝕄𝕚𝕒𝕞𝕚 𝕞𝕖𝕥𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕠𝕝𝕚𝕥𝕒𝕟 𝕒𝕣𝕖𝕒 𝕚𝕤 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒'𝕤 𝕞𝕠𝕤𝕥 𝕡𝕠𝕡𝕦𝕝𝕠𝕦𝕤 𝕦𝕣𝕓𝕒𝕟 𝕒𝕣𝕖𝕒. 𝕋𝕒𝕝𝕝𝕒𝕙𝕒𝕤𝕤𝕖𝕖 𝕚𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖'𝕤 𝕔𝕒𝕡𝕚𝕥𝕒𝕝. 𝔸𝕓𝕠𝕦𝕥 𝕥𝕨𝕠-𝕥𝕙𝕚𝕣𝕕𝕤 𝕠𝕗 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕠𝕔𝕔𝕦𝕡𝕚𝕖𝕤 𝕒 𝕡𝕖𝕟𝕚𝕟𝕤𝕦𝕝𝕒 𝕓𝕖𝕥𝕨𝕖𝕖𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔾𝕦𝕝𝕗 𝕠𝕗 𝕄𝕖𝕩𝕚𝕔𝕠 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔸𝕥𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕔 𝕆𝕔𝕖𝕒𝕟. 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕙𝕒𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕝𝕠𝕟𝕘𝕖𝕤𝕥 𝕔𝕠𝕒𝕤𝕥𝕝𝕚𝕟𝕖 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕘𝕦𝕠𝕦𝕤 𝕌𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕊𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕤, 𝕒𝕡𝕡𝕣𝕠𝕩𝕚𝕞𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕝𝕪 𝟙,𝟛𝟝𝟘 𝕞𝕚𝕝𝕖𝕤 (𝟚,𝟙𝟟𝟘 𝕜𝕞), 𝕟𝕠𝕥 𝕚𝕟𝕔𝕝𝕦𝕕𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕣𝕚𝕓𝕦𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕞𝕒𝕟𝕪 𝕓𝕒𝕣𝕣𝕚𝕖𝕣 𝕚𝕤𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕𝕤. 𝕀𝕥 𝕚𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕠𝕟𝕝𝕪 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕥𝕙𝕒𝕥 𝕓𝕠𝕣𝕕𝕖𝕣𝕤 𝕓𝕠𝕥𝕙 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔾𝕦𝕝𝕗 𝕠𝕗 𝕄𝕖𝕩𝕚𝕔𝕠 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔸𝕥𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕔 𝕆𝕔𝕖𝕒𝕟. 𝕄𝕦𝕔𝕙 𝕠𝕗 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕚𝕤 𝕒𝕥 𝕠𝕣 𝕟𝕖𝕒𝕣 𝕤𝕖𝕒 𝕝𝕖𝕧𝕖𝕝 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕚𝕤 𝕔𝕙𝕒𝕣𝕒𝕔𝕥𝕖𝕣𝕚𝕫𝕖𝕕 𝕓𝕪 𝕤𝕖𝕕𝕚𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕣𝕪 𝕤𝕠𝕚𝕝. 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕙𝕒𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕝𝕠𝕨𝕖𝕤𝕥 𝕙𝕚𝕘𝕙 𝕡𝕠𝕚𝕟𝕥 𝕠𝕗 𝕒𝕟𝕪 𝕌.𝕊. 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖. 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝕔𝕝𝕚𝕞𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕧𝕒𝕣𝕚𝕖𝕤 𝕗𝕣𝕠𝕞 𝕤𝕦𝕓𝕥𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕝 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕟𝕠𝕣𝕥𝕙 𝕥𝕠 𝕥𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕝 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕠𝕦𝕥𝕙. 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝔸𝕞𝕖𝕣𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕟 𝕒𝕝𝕝𝕚𝕘𝕒𝕥𝕠𝕣, 𝔸𝕞𝕖𝕣𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕟 𝕔𝕣𝕠𝕔𝕠𝕕𝕚𝕝𝕖, 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕡𝕒𝕟𝕥𝕙𝕖𝕣, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕞𝕒𝕟𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕖 𝕔𝕒𝕟 𝕓𝕖 𝕗𝕠𝕦𝕟𝕕 𝕚𝕟 𝔼𝕧𝕖𝕣𝕘𝕝𝕒𝕕𝕖𝕤 ℕ𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟𝕒𝕝 ℙ𝕒𝕣𝕜 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕠𝕦𝕥𝕙𝕖𝕣𝕟 𝕡𝕒𝕣𝕥 𝕠𝕗 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖. 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕚𝕤 𝕠𝕟𝕖 𝕠𝕗 𝕠𝕟𝕝𝕪 𝕥𝕨𝕠 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕒𝕥 𝕙𝕒𝕤 𝕒 𝕥𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕝 𝕔𝕝𝕚𝕞𝕒𝕥𝕖, 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕠𝕥𝕙𝕖𝕣 𝕠𝕟𝕖 𝕚𝕤 ℍ𝕒𝕨𝕒𝕚𝕚 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕚𝕤 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕠𝕟𝕝𝕪 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕝 𝕌.𝕊. 𝕊𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕨𝕚𝕥𝕙 𝕒 𝕥𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕝 𝕔𝕝𝕚𝕞𝕒𝕥𝕖. 𝕊𝕚𝕟𝕔𝕖 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕗𝕚𝕣𝕤𝕥 𝔼𝕦𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕖𝕒𝕟 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕔𝕥 𝕨𝕒𝕤 𝕞𝕒𝕕𝕖 𝕚𝕟 𝟙𝟝𝟙𝟛 𝕓𝕪 𝕊𝕡𝕒𝕟𝕚𝕤𝕙 𝕖𝕩𝕡𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕖𝕣 𝕁𝕦𝕒𝕟 ℙ𝕠𝕟𝕔𝕖 𝕕𝕖 𝕃𝕖ó𝕟 – 𝕨𝕙𝕠 𝕟𝕒𝕞𝕖𝕕 𝕚𝕥 𝕃𝕒 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 ([𝕝𝕒 𝕗𝕝𝕠ˈɾ𝕚ð𝕒] "𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕠𝕗 𝕗𝕝𝕠𝕨𝕖𝕣𝕤") 𝕦𝕡𝕠𝕟 𝕝𝕒𝕟𝕕𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕥𝕙𝕖𝕣𝕖 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔼𝕒𝕤𝕥𝕖𝕣 𝕤𝕖𝕒𝕤𝕠𝕟, ℙ𝕒𝕤𝕔𝕦𝕒 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 – 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕨𝕒𝕤 𝕒 𝕔𝕙𝕒𝕝𝕝𝕖𝕟𝕘𝕖 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔼𝕦𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕖𝕒𝕟 𝕔𝕠𝕝𝕠𝕟𝕚𝕒𝕝 𝕡𝕠𝕨𝕖𝕣𝕤 𝕓𝕖𝕗𝕠𝕣𝕖 𝕚𝕥 𝕘𝕒𝕚𝕟𝕖𝕕 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕙𝕠𝕠𝕕 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕌𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕊𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕤 𝕚𝕟 𝟙𝟠𝟜𝟝. 𝕀𝕥 𝕨𝕒𝕤 𝕒 𝕡𝕣𝕚𝕟𝕔𝕚𝕡𝕒𝕝 𝕝𝕠𝕔𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕊𝕖𝕞𝕚𝕟𝕠𝕝𝕖 𝕎𝕒𝕣𝕤 𝕒𝕘𝕒𝕚𝕟𝕤𝕥 𝕥𝕙𝕖 ℕ𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕧𝕖 𝔸𝕞𝕖𝕣𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕟𝕤, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕣𝕒𝕔𝕚𝕒𝕝 𝕤𝕖𝕘𝕣𝕖𝕘𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕒𝕗𝕥𝕖𝕣 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝔸𝕞𝕖𝕣𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕟 ℂ𝕚𝕧𝕚𝕝 𝕎𝕒𝕣. 𝕋𝕠𝕕𝕒𝕪, 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕚𝕤 𝕕𝕚𝕤𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕔𝕥𝕚𝕧𝕖 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕚𝕥𝕤 𝕝𝕒𝕣𝕘𝕖 ℂ𝕦𝕓𝕒𝕟 𝕖𝕩𝕡𝕒𝕥𝕣𝕚𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝕔𝕠𝕞𝕞𝕦𝕟𝕚𝕥𝕪 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕙𝕚𝕘𝕙 𝕡𝕠𝕡𝕦𝕝𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕘𝕣𝕠𝕨𝕥𝕙, 𝕒𝕤 𝕨𝕖𝕝𝕝 𝕒𝕤 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕚𝕥𝕤 𝕚𝕟𝕔𝕣𝕖𝕒𝕤𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕖𝕟𝕧𝕚𝕣𝕠𝕟𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕒𝕝 𝕚𝕤𝕤𝕦𝕖𝕤. 𝕋𝕙𝕖 𝕤𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕖'𝕤 𝕖𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕠𝕞𝕪 𝕣𝕖𝕝𝕚𝕖𝕤 𝕞𝕒𝕚𝕟𝕝𝕪 𝕠𝕟 𝕥𝕠𝕦𝕣𝕚𝕤𝕞, 𝕒𝕘𝕣𝕚𝕔𝕦𝕝𝕥𝕦𝕣𝕖, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕥𝕣𝕒𝕟𝕤𝕡𝕠𝕣𝕥𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟, 𝕨𝕙𝕚𝕔𝕙 𝕕𝕖𝕧𝕖𝕝𝕠𝕡𝕖𝕕 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕝𝕒𝕥𝕖 𝟙𝟡𝕥𝕙 𝕔𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕦𝕣𝕪. 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕚𝕤 𝕒𝕝𝕤𝕠 𝕣𝕖𝕟𝕠𝕨𝕟𝕖𝕕 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕒𝕞𝕦𝕤𝕖𝕞𝕖𝕟𝕥 𝕡𝕒𝕣𝕜𝕤, 𝕠𝕣𝕒𝕟𝕘𝕖 𝕔𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕤, 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕂𝕖𝕟𝕟𝕖𝕕𝕪 𝕊𝕡𝕒𝕔𝕖 ℂ𝕖𝕟𝕥𝕖𝕣, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕒𝕤 𝕒 𝕡𝕠𝕡𝕦𝕝𝕒𝕣 𝕕𝕖𝕤𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕣𝕖𝕥𝕚𝕣𝕖𝕖𝕤. 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕔𝕦𝕝𝕥𝕦𝕣𝕖 𝕚𝕤 𝕒 𝕣𝕖𝕗𝕝𝕖𝕔𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟 𝕠𝕗 𝕚𝕟𝕗𝕝𝕦𝕖𝕟𝕔𝕖𝕤 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕞𝕦𝕝𝕥𝕚𝕡𝕝𝕖 𝕚𝕟𝕙𝕖𝕣𝕚𝕥𝕒𝕟𝕔𝕖; 𝔸𝕗𝕣𝕚𝕔𝕒𝕟, 𝔼𝕦𝕣𝕠𝕡𝕖𝕒𝕟, 𝕚𝕟𝕕𝕚𝕘𝕖𝕟𝕠𝕦𝕤, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕃𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕠 𝕙𝕖𝕣𝕚𝕥𝕒𝕘𝕖𝕤 𝕔𝕒𝕟 𝕓𝕖 𝕗𝕠𝕦𝕟𝕕 𝕚𝕟 𝕥𝕙𝕖 𝕒𝕣𝕔𝕙𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕔𝕥𝕦𝕣𝕖 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕔𝕦𝕚𝕤𝕚𝕟𝕖. 𝔽𝕝𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕕𝕒 𝕙𝕒𝕤 𝕒𝕥𝕥𝕣𝕒𝕔𝕥𝕖𝕕 𝕞𝕒𝕟𝕪 𝕨𝕣𝕚𝕥𝕖𝕣𝕤 𝕤𝕦𝕔𝕙 𝕒𝕤 𝕄𝕒𝕣𝕛𝕠𝕣𝕚𝕖 𝕂𝕚𝕟𝕟𝕒𝕟 ℝ𝕒𝕨𝕝𝕚𝕟𝕘𝕤, 𝔼𝕣𝕟𝕖𝕤𝕥 ℍ𝕖𝕞𝕚𝕟𝕘𝕨𝕒𝕪 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕋𝕖𝕟𝕟𝕖𝕤𝕤𝕖𝕖 𝕎𝕚𝕝𝕝𝕚𝕒𝕞𝕤, 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕔𝕠𝕟𝕥𝕚𝕟𝕦𝕖𝕤 𝕥𝕠 𝕒𝕥𝕥𝕣𝕒𝕔𝕥 𝕔𝕖𝕝𝕖𝕓𝕣𝕚𝕥𝕚𝕖𝕤 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕒𝕥𝕙𝕝𝕖𝕥𝕖𝕤. 𝕀𝕥 𝕚𝕤 𝕚𝕟𝕥𝕖𝕣𝕟𝕒𝕥𝕚𝕠𝕟𝕒𝕝𝕝𝕪 𝕜𝕟𝕠𝕨𝕟 𝕗𝕠𝕣 𝕘𝕠𝕝𝕗, 𝕥𝕖𝕟𝕟𝕚𝕤, 𝕒𝕦𝕥𝕠 𝕣𝕒𝕔𝕚𝕟𝕘 𝕒𝕟𝕕 𝕨𝕒𝕥𝕖𝕣 𝕤𝕡𝕠𝕣𝕥𝕤.
🟩🟩🟩🟩🟩🟩 ➖🟩🟩🟩🟩🟩🟩 ➖➖➖➖🟩🟩🟩 ➖➖➖➖➖🟩🟩🟩 ➖➖➖➖➖🟩🟩🟩 ➖➖➖➖➖🟩🟩🟩 ➖➖➖➖➖➖🟩🟩🟩 ➖➖➖➖➖➖🟩🟩🟩 ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖🟩 ➖➖🟩➖🟩
🐊🚤🍺🛻🚓🚓🚓
༺✿ڰۣڿ✿༻IN LOVING MEMORY༺✿ڰۣڿ✿༻
Cool name designs ☾.✴˚˖⁺✦{name}✦˙⊹˚✴☽ ☕🧸♕- (insert name)-☕🧸♕ *ੈ✩ ☁☾ Your Name ☽☁ ✧༺ ❀♧☆❁☁♥∞ ️(𝑾𝒓𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒏𝒂𝒎𝒆 𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒆)∞♥️☁❁☆ 🎀💮👘~🍥Your name🍥~👘💮🎀 ♡🦋l (insert name) l♡🦋 🌻 ▫ ☁ (text) ☁ ▫ 🌻 🍯🧸🌼🍰🍩-(insert name here)-🍯🧸🌼🍰🍩 ˗ˏˋ❀ {Text} ❀ ˎˊ˗ 📇
🎠🤖 🤖🎠
🎠🏰🏰🎠
🎪 ⋆🎠 🎠 ⋆🎪
🎠 ☂️ 🎠 ☂️ 🎠 ☂️ 🎠 ☂️
ʰᵃᵛᵉ ᶠᵘⁿ ᵐᵃᵏᶦⁿᵍ ˢᵐᵃˡˡ ˡᵉᵗᵗᵉʳˢᵎ ٩( ᐛ )و
🌊🐚🍉🌞🌴🥥🐬🌅⛱️🕶️🌈
𝖈𝖑𝖔𝖜𝖓🎈
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🎠◡◠◡◠◡✿
───▄▄▄▄▄▄─────▄▄▄▄▄▄ ─▄█▓▓▓▓▓▓█▄─▄█▓▓▓▓▓▓█▄ ▐█▓▓▒▒▒▒▒▓▓█▓▓▒▒▒▒▒▓▓█▌ █▓▓▒▒░╔╗╔═╦═╦═╦═╗░▒▒▓▓█ █▓▓▒▒░║╠╣╬╠╗║╔╣╩╣░▒▒▓▓█ ▐█▓▓▒▒╚═╩═╝╚═╝╚═╝▒▒▓▓█▌ ─▀█▓▓▒▒░░░░░░░░░▒▒▓▓█▀ ───▀█▓▓▒▒░░░░░▒▒▓▓█▀ ─────▀█▓▓▒▒░▒▒▓▓█▀ ──────▀█▓▓▒▓▓█▀ ────────▀█▓█▀ ──────────▀
꧁🎢🎢꧂
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⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⣿⣿⣿⡇⠀⢸⣿⣷⣼⣿⣿⠀⣤⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣷⡄⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⣿⣿⠟⠛⠛⢿⣧⣼⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⠟⠁⠀⠀⢠⣽⣿⡇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⣿⣿⣄⠀⢀⣀⣽⣿⣿⣯⣸⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠿⣿⣿⣷⣿⡿⠟⠉⢹⣿⣿⣿⣿⠉⠉⠉⢉⣉⣿⣿⣿⡇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢿⣿⣿⣿⡇⠀⣠⣾⡟⠙⢿⣿⣶⣶⣶⣿⣿⣿⡏⠉⠁⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢿⣿⣿⡇⣸⣿⣿⣇⢀⣴⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⠟⠁⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠙⠛⠛⢻⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡿⠛⠛⠁⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⢸⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⢸⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡿⠿⠟⠛⢉⣉⡀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⠘⠛⠋⣉⣁⣤⣤⣶⣾⣿⣿⣿⡇⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⢰⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⠿⠿⠛⠋⠉⠁⠀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⠘⠛⠉⠉⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⢀⣀⡀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⢸⣿⣿⣿⡿⠛⠉⠛⢿⣿⣿⣿⡇⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⢈⣉⣉⣉⡁⠀⠀⠀⢈⣉⣉⣉⡁⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⡇⢸⣿⣿⣿⣷⣤⣤⣴⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇⢸⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
⣼⣿⣿⣿⣿⣷⣶⣶⣶⣶⣶⣶⣶⣶⣶⣤⣤⣤⣤⣤⣄⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠈⢻⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣄⣀⣀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢀⣤⣄⣀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⢸⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣷⣶⣶⣶⣶⣦⣤⣤⣤⣤⣄⣀⡀⢸⣿⣿⣿⣿⣦⣄⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠛⢹⡿⠛⠟⠛⠛⠛⠛⠿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣾⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠉⠻⠿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡆⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢙⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡟⠛⠛⠻⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣷⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠘⠿⣿⣿⣿⡿⠿⠟⠉⠉⠁⠀⠀⠀⠈⠿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡆⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠁⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠻⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣧⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠈⢿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠈⠛⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡆⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡄⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢸⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡿⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⣼⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣷⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢰⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣇⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢾⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣆⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠘⠿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣆⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢰⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡄⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠹⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣷⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣧⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠈⠻⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠈⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠈⢻⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠘⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⢹⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠈⠛⠛⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⠃ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠘⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⠃⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⣾⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⣿⡇⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠙⠻⣿⡿⠿⠿⠿⠛⠀⠀⠀
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Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ /ˈfₗɒᵣɪdə/ ₍ₛₚₐₙᵢₛₕ fₒᵣ "ₗₐₙd ₒf fₗₒwₑᵣₛ"₎ ᵢₛ ₜₕₑ ₛₒᵤₜₕₑᵣₙₘₒₛₜ ₛₜₐₜₑ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₛₒᵤₜₕₑₐₛₜₑᵣₙ ᵣₑgᵢₒₙ ₒf ₜₕₑ ᵤₙᵢₜₑd ₛₜₐₜₑₛ. ₜₕₑ ₛₜₐₜₑ ᵢₛ bₒᵣdₑᵣₑd ₜₒ ₜₕₑ wₑₛₜ by ₜₕₑ Gᵤₗf ₒf ₘₑₓᵢcₒ ₐₙd ₐₗₐbₐₘₐ, ₜₒ ₜₕₑ ₙₒᵣₜₕ by ₐₗₐbₐₘₐ ₐₙd Gₑₒᵣgᵢₐ, ₜₒ ₜₕₑ ₑₐₛₜ by ₜₕₑ ₐₜₗₐₙₜᵢc ₒcₑₐₙ, ₐₙd ₜₒ ₜₕₑ ₛₒᵤₜₕ by ₜₕₑ ₛₜᵣₐᵢₜₛ ₒf Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ. Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ᵢₛ ₜₕₑ ₂₂ₙd₋ₘₒₛₜ ₑₓₜₑₙₛᵢᵥₑ, ₜₕₑ ₃ᵣd₋ₘₒₛₜ ₚₒₚᵤₗₒᵤₛ ₐₙd ₜₕₑ ₈ₜₕ₋ₘₒₛₜ dₑₙₛₑₗy ₚₒₚᵤₗₐₜₑd ₒf ₜₕₑ ᵤ.ₛ. ₛₜₐₜₑₛ. ⱼₐcₖₛₒₙᵥᵢₗₗₑ ᵢₛ ₜₕₑ ₘₒₛₜ ₚₒₚᵤₗₒᵤₛ ₘᵤₙᵢcᵢₚₐₗᵢₜy ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₛₜₐₜₑ ₐₙd ₜₕₑ ₗₐᵣgₑₛₜ cᵢₜy by ₐᵣₑₐ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ cₒₙₜᵢgᵤₒᵤₛ ᵤₙᵢₜₑd ₛₜₐₜₑₛ ₍dᵤₑ ₜₒ ₜₕₑ cₒₙₛₒₗᵢdₐₜᵢₒₙ ₒf ⱼₐcₖₛₒₙᵥᵢₗₗₑ wᵢₜₕ Dᵤᵥₐₗ Cₒᵤₙₜy₎. ₜₕₑ ₘᵢₐₘᵢ ₘₑₜᵣₒₚₒₗᵢₜₐₙ ₐᵣₑₐ ᵢₛ Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ'ₛ ₘₒₛₜ ₚₒₚᵤₗₒᵤₛ ᵤᵣbₐₙ ₐᵣₑₐ. ₜₐₗₗₐₕₐₛₛₑₑ ᵢₛ ₜₕₑ ₛₜₐₜₑ'ₛ cₐₚᵢₜₐₗ. ₐbₒᵤₜ ₜwₒ₋ₜₕᵢᵣdₛ ₒf Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ₒccᵤₚᵢₑₛ ₐ ₚₑₙᵢₙₛᵤₗₐ bₑₜwₑₑₙ ₜₕₑ Gᵤₗf ₒf ₘₑₓᵢcₒ ₐₙd ₜₕₑ ₐₜₗₐₙₜᵢc ₒcₑₐₙ. Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ₕₐₛ ₜₕₑ ₗₒₙgₑₛₜ cₒₐₛₜₗᵢₙₑ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ cₒₙₜᵢgᵤₒᵤₛ ᵤₙᵢₜₑd ₛₜₐₜₑₛ, ₐₚₚᵣₒₓᵢₘₐₜₑₗy ₁,₃₅₀ ₘᵢₗₑₛ ₍₂,₁₇₀ ₖₘ₎, ₙₒₜ ᵢₙcₗᵤdᵢₙg ₜₕₑ cₒₙₜᵣᵢbᵤₜᵢₒₙ ₒf ₜₕₑ ₘₐₙy bₐᵣᵣᵢₑᵣ ᵢₛₗₐₙdₛ. ᵢₜ ᵢₛ ₜₕₑ ₒₙₗy ₛₜₐₜₑ ₜₕₐₜ bₒᵣdₑᵣₛ bₒₜₕ ₜₕₑ Gᵤₗf ₒf ₘₑₓᵢcₒ ₐₙd ₜₕₑ ₐₜₗₐₙₜᵢc ₒcₑₐₙ. ₘᵤcₕ ₒf ₜₕₑ ₛₜₐₜₑ ᵢₛ ₐₜ ₒᵣ ₙₑₐᵣ ₛₑₐ ₗₑᵥₑₗ ₐₙd ᵢₛ cₕₐᵣₐcₜₑᵣᵢzₑd by ₛₑdᵢₘₑₙₜₐᵣy ₛₒᵢₗ. Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ₕₐₛ ₜₕₑ ₗₒwₑₛₜ ₕᵢgₕ ₚₒᵢₙₜ ₒf ₐₙy ᵤ.ₛ. ₛₜₐₜₑ. ₜₕₑ cₗᵢₘₐₜₑ ᵥₐᵣᵢₑₛ fᵣₒₘ ₛᵤbₜᵣₒₚᵢcₐₗ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₙₒᵣₜₕ ₜₒ ₜᵣₒₚᵢcₐₗ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₛₒᵤₜₕ. ₜₕₑ ₐₘₑᵣᵢcₐₙ ₐₗₗᵢgₐₜₒᵣ, ₐₘₑᵣᵢcₐₙ cᵣₒcₒdᵢₗₑ, Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ₚₐₙₜₕₑᵣ, ₐₙd ₘₐₙₐₜₑₑ cₐₙ bₑ fₒᵤₙd ᵢₙ ₑᵥₑᵣgₗₐdₑₛ ₙₐₜᵢₒₙₐₗ ₚₐᵣₖ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₛₒᵤₜₕₑᵣₙ ₚₐᵣₜ ₒf ₜₕₑ ₛₜₐₜₑ. Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ᵢₛ ₒₙₑ ₒf ₒₙₗy ₜwₒ ₛₜₐₜₑₛ ₜₕₐₜ ₕₐₛ ₐ ₜᵣₒₚᵢcₐₗ cₗᵢₘₐₜₑ, ₜₕₑ ₒₜₕₑᵣ ₒₙₑ ᵢₛ ₕₐwₐᵢᵢ ₐₙd ᵢₛ ₜₕₑ ₒₙₗy cₒₙₜᵢₙₑₙₜₐₗ ᵤ.ₛ. ₛₜₐₜₑ wᵢₜₕ ₐ ₜᵣₒₚᵢcₐₗ cₗᵢₘₐₜₑ. ₛᵢₙcₑ ₜₕₑ fᵢᵣₛₜ ₑᵤᵣₒₚₑₐₙ cₒₙₜₐcₜ wₐₛ ₘₐdₑ ᵢₙ ₁₅₁₃ by ₛₚₐₙᵢₛₕ ₑₓₚₗₒᵣₑᵣ ⱼᵤₐₙ ₚₒₙcₑ dₑ ₗₑóₙ – wₕₒ ₙₐₘₑd ᵢₜ ₗₐ Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ₍[ₗₐ fₗₒˈɾᵢðₐ] "ₗₐₙd ₒf fₗₒwₑᵣₛ"₎ ᵤₚₒₙ ₗₐₙdᵢₙg ₜₕₑᵣₑ ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₑₐₛₜₑᵣ ₛₑₐₛₒₙ, ₚₐₛcᵤₐ Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ – Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ wₐₛ ₐ cₕₐₗₗₑₙgₑ fₒᵣ ₜₕₑ ₑᵤᵣₒₚₑₐₙ cₒₗₒₙᵢₐₗ ₚₒwₑᵣₛ bₑfₒᵣₑ ᵢₜ gₐᵢₙₑd ₛₜₐₜₑₕₒₒd ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ᵤₙᵢₜₑd ₛₜₐₜₑₛ ᵢₙ ₁₈₄₅. ᵢₜ wₐₛ ₐ ₚᵣᵢₙcᵢₚₐₗ ₗₒcₐₜᵢₒₙ ₒf ₜₕₑ ₛₑₘᵢₙₒₗₑ Wₐᵣₛ ₐgₐᵢₙₛₜ ₜₕₑ ₙₐₜᵢᵥₑ ₐₘₑᵣᵢcₐₙₛ, ₐₙd ᵣₐcᵢₐₗ ₛₑgᵣₑgₐₜᵢₒₙ ₐfₜₑᵣ ₜₕₑ ₐₘₑᵣᵢcₐₙ Cᵢᵥᵢₗ Wₐᵣ. ₜₒdₐy, Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ᵢₛ dᵢₛₜᵢₙcₜᵢᵥₑ fₒᵣ ᵢₜₛ ₗₐᵣgₑ Cᵤbₐₙ ₑₓₚₐₜᵣᵢₐₜₑ cₒₘₘᵤₙᵢₜy ₐₙd ₕᵢgₕ ₚₒₚᵤₗₐₜᵢₒₙ gᵣₒwₜₕ, ₐₛ wₑₗₗ ₐₛ fₒᵣ ᵢₜₛ ᵢₙcᵣₑₐₛᵢₙg ₑₙᵥᵢᵣₒₙₘₑₙₜₐₗ ᵢₛₛᵤₑₛ. ₜₕₑ ₛₜₐₜₑ'ₛ ₑcₒₙₒₘy ᵣₑₗᵢₑₛ ₘₐᵢₙₗy ₒₙ ₜₒᵤᵣᵢₛₘ, ₐgᵣᵢcᵤₗₜᵤᵣₑ, ₐₙd ₜᵣₐₙₛₚₒᵣₜₐₜᵢₒₙ, wₕᵢcₕ dₑᵥₑₗₒₚₑd ᵢₙ ₜₕₑ ₗₐₜₑ ₁₉ₜₕ cₑₙₜᵤᵣy. Fₗₒᵣᵢdₐ ᵢₛ ₐₗₛₒ ᵣₑₙₒwₙₑd fₒᵣ ₐₘᵤₛₑₘₑₙₜ ₚₐᵣₖₛ, ₒᵣₐₙgₑ cᵣₒₚₛ, ₜₕₑ ₖₑₙₙₑdy ₛₚₐcₑ Cₑₙₜₑᵣ, ₐₙd ₐₛ ₐ ₚₒₚᵤₗₐᵣ dₑₛₜᵢₙₐₜᵢₒₙ fₒᵣ ᵣₑₜᵢᵣₑₑₛ.
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